Elias Of Cortona

▪ Franciscan monk

born c. 1180, , near Assisi, Duchy of Spoleto [Italy]
died April 22, 1253, Cortona, Duchy of Tuscany [Italy]

      disciple of St. Francis of Assisi and a leading figure in the early history of the Franciscan Order, which he twice governed.

      In 1217 Elias headed the new Franciscan mission to the Holy Land as first minister provincial of Syria. He visited holy places in Palestine with Francis, returning with him to Italy in 1220. Vicar of the Franciscans from 1221, he governed the order from Francis' death (1226) until 1227, when John Parenti was elected in his stead. Later Elias was commissioned by Pope Gregory IX to build the Basilica of Assisi as a memorial to St. Francis.

      Elected general of the order in 1232, Elias met with opposition from those who wanted strict observance of Francis' rule of poverty; they thought Elias too worldly and too dictatorial. He was deposed in 1239 and withdrew ultimately to Cortona with a few followers. Supporting the antipapal policy of Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor, he was excommunicated in 1240 by Gregory and again in 1244 by Pope Innocent IV when Frederick made him ambassador to Nicaea and Constantinople. In 1245 he built a church and cloister at Cortona in honour of St. Francis. He became reconciled with the church before his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Elias von Cortona — (auch Elias von Assisi oder latinisiert Helyas de Assisi; * um 1180 in Assisi oder Cortona; † 22. April 1253 in Cortona) war ein früher Gefährte des Heiligen Franz von Assisi, während dessen letzten Lebensjahren sein Vikar und später der zweite… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias of Cortona — • Minister General of the Friars Minor, b., it is said, at Bevilia near Assisi, c. 1180; d. at Cortona, 22 April, 1253 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Elias of Cortona     Elias of Cortona …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Cortona — • Immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cortona     Cortona     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Order of Friars Minor —     Order of Friars Minor     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Friars Minor     (Also known as FRANCISCANS.) This subject may be conveniently considered under the following heads:     I. General History of the Order;     A. First Period (1209… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Johannes Parenti — oder Johannes Parens (* in Carmignano, Toskana; † 28. Juni 1250) war als Nachfolger des hl. Franziskus (je nach Zählweise) der zweite Generalminister des Franziskanerordens von 1227 bis 1232. Sein Vorgänger war bis zu seinem Tod Franz von Assisi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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