Einthoven, Willem

▪ Dutch physiologist
born May 21, 1860, Semarang, Java, Dutch East Indies
died Sept. 29, 1927, Leiden, Neth.
 Dutch physiologist who was awarded the 1924 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the electrical properties of the heart through the electrocardiograph (electrocardiography), which he developed as a practical clinical instrument and an important tool in the diagnosis of heart disease.

      Einthoven was graduated in medicine from the University of Utrecht and served as professor of physiology at the University of Leiden from 1886 until his death. In 1903 he devised the first string galvanometer, known as the Einthoven galvanometer; with this instrument he was able to measure the changes of electrical potential caused by contractions of the heart muscle and to record them graphically. He coined the term electrocardiogram for this process. Einthoven recognized differences in the records or tracings obtained from different kinds of heart disease. From 1908 to 1913 he studied the patterns of records of normal heart activity in order to gain precision in recognizing and interpreting deviations.

      Einthoven continued to develop electrode arrangements, and the present-day standard limb leads were originally described and used by him. The clinical application of Einthoven's instrument was pioneered by the British physician Sir Thomas Lewis, with whom Einthoven maintained a long and fruitful correspondence.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Einthoven , Willem — (1860–1927) Dutch physiologist Einthoven, the son of a physician, was born at Semarang on the Indonesian island of Java and educated at the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands, where he gained his MD in 1885. In the following year he moved… …   Scientists

  • Einthoven, Willem — SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology [br] b. 21 May 1860 Semarang, Java d. 28 September 1927 Leiden, the Netherlands [br] Dutch physiologist, inventor of the string galvanometer and discoverer of the electrocardiogram (ECG). [br] As a medical student …   Biographical history of technology

  • Einthoven, Willem — ► (1860 1927) Fisiólogo holandés. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1924, por su descubrimiento de los procedimientos para registrar las más pequeñas corrientes eléctricas de origen orgánico …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Einthoven — Einthoven, Willem …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Einthoven — Willem Einthoven 1906 Willem Einthoven (* 21. Mai 1860 in Semarang, Indonesien; † 28. September 1927 in Leiden) war ein niederländischer Arzt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Willem Einthoven — en 1906. Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Willem Einthoven — Infobox Scientist name = Willem Einthoven image size = 180px caption = Willem Einthoven in 1906 birth date = May 21, 1860 birth place = Semarang death date = September 29, 1927 death place = Leiden, Netherlands nationality = Netherlands field… …   Wikipedia

  • Willem Einthoven — 1906 Willem Einthoven (* 21. Mai 1860 in Semarang (Indonesien); † 29. September[1] 1927 in Leiden) war ein niederländischer Arzt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Willem Einthoven — en 1906 Willem Einthoven (21 mai 1860 à Semarang, Indes orientales néerlandaises 29 septembre 1927 à Leyde, Pays Bas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Willem Einthoven — (n. Semarang el 21 de mayo de 1860 † Leiden, Holanda, 28 de septiembre de 1927). Médico holandés. Hijo de un médico militar, nació circunstancialmente en 1860, en la colonia holandesa de Java, hoy Indonesia. Tr …   Enciclopedia Universal

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