Eiffel, Gustave

▪ French engineer
in full  Alexandre-gustave Eiffel  
born Dec. 15, 1832, Dijon, France
died Dec. 28, 1923, Paris
 French civil engineer renowned for the tower in Paris that bears his name.

      After graduation from the College of Art and Manufacturing in 1855, Eiffel began to specialize in metal construction, especially bridges. He directed the erection of an iron bridge at Bordeaux in 1858, followed by several others, and designed the lofty, arched Gallery of Machines for the Paris Exhibition of 1867. In 1877 he bridged the Douro River at Oporto, Port., with a 525-foot (160-metre) steel arch, which he followed with an even greater arch of the same type, the 540-foot (162-metre) span Garabit viaduct over the Truyère River in southern France, for many years the highest bridge in the world, 400 feet (120 m) over the stream. He was one of the first engineers to employ compressed-air caissons in bridge building. He designed the movable dome of the observatory at Nice and the framework of the Statue of Liberty (Liberty, Statue of) in New York Harbor.

      Eiffel startled the world with the construction of the Eiffel Tower (1887–89), which brought him the nickname “magician of iron.” It also directed his interest to problems of aerodynamics, and he used the tower for a number of experiments. At Auteuil, outside Paris, he built the first aerodynamic laboratory, where he continued to work throughout World War I; in 1921 he gave the laboratory to the state.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eiffel, Gustave — (1832 1923)    engineer    Most famous for his construction of the tower in Paris that bears his name, Gustave Eiffel was born in Dijon and was educated there at the Lycée royal and at the Collège sainte Barbe in Paris. He graduated from the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Eiffel, Gustave — ► (1832 1923) Ingeniero francés, autor de numerosos viaductos metálicos y de la torre Eiffel, construcción de hierro de 320 m de altura, edificada en París para la Exposición de 1889 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • EIFFEL, GUSTAVE —    an eminent French engineer, born at Dijon; early obtained a reputation for bridge construction; designed the great Garabit Viaduct, and also the enormous locks for the Panama Canal; his most noted work is the gigantic iron tower which bears… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • EIFFEL (G.) — EIFFEL GUSTAVE (1832 1923) Né à Dijon, Gustave Eiffel arrive à Paris en 1850 pour terminer ses études au collège Sainte Barbe, voisin de la toute nouvelle bibliothèque Sainte Geneviève, dont la structure métallique a peut être influencé ses… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gustave — hace referencia a: Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis, físico e ingeniero francés; Gustave Courbet, pintor francés; Gustave Doré, pintor y escultor; Gustave Eiffel, ingeniero francés. Creador de la Torre Eiffel; Gustave Flaubert, novelista francés;… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eiffel — tiene los siguientes significados: 1. Torre Eiffel: Creada por el arquitecto francés Gustave Eiffel. 2. Lenguaje de programación Eiffel: Lenguaje de programación orientado a objetos. * * * Eiffel, Gustave …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eiffel — (Gustave) (1832 1923) ingénieur français, pionnier de l architecture du fer. Il réalisa le viaduc de Garabit (1882 1884), l armature de la statue de la Liberté (1886, New York), la tour Eiffel, tour métallique construite (1887 1889) pour l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gustave Eiffel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gustave et Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eiffel Tower — a tower of skeletal iron construction in Paris, France: built for the exposition of 1889. 984 ft. (300 m) high. [named after A. G. EIFFEL, its engineer and principal designer] * * * Parisian landmark built for the Centennial Exposition of 1889.… …   Universalium

  • Gustave — Gustav (oder Gustaf) ist ein männlicher Vorname aus dem Schwedischen mit der Bedeutung „Stütze der Goten“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Namenstag 2 Varianten 3 Schwedische Herrscher und Prinzen 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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