Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection

German  Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung 

      museum located in Berlin, Ger., noted for possessing one of the world's leading collections of artifacts and texts of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient).

      It began in the 18th century as part of the Prussian royal art collection and steadily expanded through gifts, contributions, and finds. The museum was heavily damaged during World War II and, after the war, was divided between East Berlin and West Berlin. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the collection was reunited to once again constitute one of the finest records of ancient Egypt, containing more than 45,000 artifacts and 60,000 texts.

 The museum's artifacts are organized according to themes, such as daily life and theology, or types, such as sculpture. Displays include a range of well-preserved relics, such as mummies, sarcophagi, etchings, statues, and hieroglyphs, and large architectural elements. Substantial display space is devoted to the reign of Nefertiti, as the museum houses the world-famous bust of that queen, as well as myriad other artifacts from this much-studied era of Egyptian history. The papyrus collection offers writings spanning four millennia. Although many of the scripts are of Egyptian origin, the collection also operates as a library of the ancient world, including Greco-Roman writings as well as copies of the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, and the Qurʾān.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Egyptian Museum — For other uses, see Egyptian Museum (disambiguation). Coordinates: 30°02′52″N 31°14′00″E / 30.047778°N 31.233333°E / 30.047778; 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Papyrus Harris 500 — The Papyrus Harris 500, alt. pHarris 500 or P. British Museum 10060, contains copies of the ancient Egyptian tales of The Doomed Prince and The Taking of Joppa , of love poems and of the Harper s Song from the tomb of King Intef . The papyrus… …   Wikipedia

  • Egyptian religion — Polytheistic belief system of ancient Egypt from the 4th millennium BC to the first centuries AD, including both folk traditions and the court religion. Local deities that sprang up along the Nile Valley had both human and animal form and were… …   Universalium

  • Papyrus —     The writing material papyrus was made from the plant Cyperuspapyrus L.; this industry was a royal monopoly in Egypt. However, when Egyptologists refer to Papyrus X , this describes a named or numbered document, inscribed on papyrus, which is… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Papyrus Harris I — is also known as the Great Harris Papyrus and (less accurately) simply the Harris Papyrus (though there are a number of other papyri in the Harris collection). Its technical designation is Papyrus British Museum 9999 . At 41 metres long, it is… …   Wikipedia

  • Papyrus of Ani — The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus manuscript written in cursive hieroglyphs and illustrated with color miniatures created in the 19th dynasty of the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. Egyptians compiled an individualized book for each person at their… …   Wikipedia

  • Neues Museum — in 2009 Established 1855 Location Museum Island in Berlin Type …   Wikipedia

  • art and architecture, Egyptian — Introduction       the ancient architectural monuments, sculptures, paintings, and decorative crafts produced mainly during the dynastic periods of the first three millennia BC in the Nile valley regions of Egypt and Nubia. The course of art in… …   Universalium

  • National Archaeological Museum (Florence) — An Etruscan pavilion at the National Archaeological Museum The National Archaeological Museum of Florence (Italian Museo archeologico nazionale di Firenze) is an archaeological museum in Florence, Italy. It is located at 1 piazza Santissima… …   Wikipedia

  • Rhind Mathematical Papyrus — British Museum, London A portion of the Rhind Papyrus Date …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.