Duryea, Charles E.; and Duryea, J. Frank

▪ American inventors
in full  Charles Edgar Duryea  and  James Frank Duryea 
born Dec. 15, 1861, Canton, Ill., U.S.
died Sept. 28, 1938, Philadelphia, Pa.
born Oct. 8, 1869, Washburn, Ill., U.S.
died Feb. 15, 1967, Saybrook, Conn.
 inventors of one of the first automobiles (automobile)—the first that was actually built and operated in the United States.

      Charles Duryea entered the rapidly growing bicycle business and displayed a marked inventive talent. In 1886 at the Ohio state fair, he saw a stationary gasoline engine that seemed to him to be sufficiently compact to power a carriage or wagon. By 1891 he had completed a design, and with his brother Frank he then constructed a car and engine in a rented loft in Springfield, Mass. In later years a controversy marred relations between the brothers; Charles claimed that the model was completed to an operable state under his guidance, while Frank asserted that he perfected the engine and transmission while Charles was in Illinois. In any case the car made a successful run in the streets of Springfield on Sept. 22, 1893.

      An improved version, largely the work of Frank Duryea, appeared in 1895 and won several races. Thirteen copies of it were manufactured and sold, but the company failed, and the brothers went separate ways. Charles made a number of vehicles, some three-wheeled, and Frank developed the Stevens-Duryea, one of the best known of the early standard makes, a high-priced limousine that continued in production into the 1920s.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Duryea, Charles E(dgar) and J(ames) Frank — born Dec. 15, 1861, Canton, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1938, Philadelphia, Pa. born Oct. 8, 1869, Washburn, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1967, Saybrook, Conn. U.S. automotive inventors. Charles initially worked as a bicycle mechanic. After seeing a… …   Universalium

  • Charles Duryea — (left) with J.Frank Duryea Born December 15, 1861 Canton, Illinois Died September 28, 1938 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania …   Wikipedia

  • Duryea Motor Wagon Company — Duryea automobile The Duryea Motor Wagon Company, established in 1895, was one of the first American firms to build gasoline automobiles. Founded by Charles Duryea and his brother Frank, they built a one cylinder Ladies Phaeton , first… …   Wikipedia

  • frank — frank1 frankable, adj. franker, n. /frangk/, adj., franker, frankest, n., v. adj. 1. direct and unreserved in speech; straightforward; sincere: Her criticism of my work was frank but absolutely fair. 2. without inhibition or subterfuge; direct;… …   Universalium

  • Frank — /frangk/, n. 1. a member of a group of ancient Germanic peoples dwelling in the regions of the Rhine, one division of whom, the Salians, conquered Gaul about A.D. 500, founded an extensive kingdom, and gave origin to the name France. 2. (in the… …   Universalium

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • Duryea Power — Company was a manufacturer of Brass Era automobiles in Reading, Pennsylvania. It was one of several similarly named companies that early automobile pioneer Charles Duryea was involved with. The 1904 Duryea Straight Line Phaeton was a phaeton… …   Wikipedia

  • Duryea — is the name of: Abram Duryea, American Civil War general Duryea brothers, American automotive pioneers Charles Duryea, American automotive pioneer J. Frank Duryea, American automotive pioneer Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first American automobile… …   Wikipedia

  • Duryea brothers — The Duryea brothers, Charles (1861 1938) and J. Frank Duryea Frank Duryea (1869 1967), were the first to build an automobile in the U.S. After Charles saw a gasoline engine at the 1886 Ohio State Fair, the brothers began designing and building a… …   Wikipedia

  • Duryea, Charles Edgar — SUBJECT AREA: Automotive engineering, Land transport [br] b. 15 December 1861 Cawton, Ohio, USA d. 28 September 1938 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA [br] American inventor and pioneer cur maker. [br] He began his career in the bicycle trade, in… …   Biographical history of technology

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