▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom
also called  Dumfries 

      historic county, southwestern Scotland. Along the Solway Firth in the south, Dumfriesshire incorporates a coastal plain stretching from the mouth of the River Nith in the west to the English border in the east. A series of river valleys—Nithsdale, Annandale, and Eskdale—extend northward from this plain into the surrounding forested and moor-covered hills of the Southern Uplands, including the Lowther Hills and the Tweedsmuir Hills, which reach an elevation of 2,696 feet (822 metres) at White Coomb. Dumfriesshire lies entirely within the council area of Dumfries and Galloway.

      The prehistoric populations of Dumfriesshire left hill forts in the north, stone circles, camps, tumuli and cairns, and sculpted stones. The Celtic British inhabitants of the region were called Selgovae by the Romans, who built many forts in Annandale. There are traces of Roman roads, and at Birrens there is a well-preserved Roman camp. Many Roman artifacts have been found. Upon the withdrawal of the Romans in the 5th century AD, the Selgovae were conquered by Scots from Ireland. The Anglo-Saxon conquest of Dumfriesshire does not seem to have been thorough, since the people of Nithsdale and elsewhere maintained their Celtic institutions up to the time of David I (c. 1082–1153). The border clans were continually at strife until the 18th century. Famous men of the region include historian Thomas Carlyle (born at Ecclefechan), civil engineer Thomas Telford, and Bank of England founder William Paterson. The Industrial Revolution largely bypassed this mostly agricultural county during the 19th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dumfriesshire — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Situación geográfica de Dumfriesshire, Escocia. Dumfriesshire (Siorrachd Dhùn Phris en gaélico) fue un condado tradicional de Escocia hasta la reorganización local de gobierno de 1975. Su capital era Dumfries …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dumfriesshire — (spr. dömfrïs schĭr), Grafschaft im südwestlichen Schottland, grenzt im S. an den Solway Firth und die Grafschaft Cumberland, im O. an Roxburgh, im N. an Selkirk, Peebles und Lanark, im W. an Ayr und Kirkcudbright und umfaßt 2857 qkm (51,9 QM.)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dumfriesshire — Not to be confused with Dumfriesshire (Scottish Parliament constituency) or Dumfriesshire (UK Parliament constituency). Dumfries   County (until circa 1890)   …   Wikipedia

  • Dumfriesshire — Lage von Dumfriesshire in Schottland Dumfriesshire ist eine der traditionellen Grafschaften von Schottland, gelegen im Süden Schottlands an der Grenze zu England. Verwaltungssitz und namensgebender Ort war die Stadt Dumfries. Die Grafschaft… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dumfriesshire — 55°10′N 3°30′W / 55.167, 3.5 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dumfriesshire — geographical name see Dumfries 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • DUMFRIESSHIRE —    (74), a south western Border county of Scotland; an agricultural district, which slopes from a northern pastoral region to the Solway, and is traversed by the fertile valleys of Nithsdale and Annandale …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • dumfriesshire — dum·fries·shire …   English syllables

  • Dumfriesshire — /dʌmˈfrizʃɪə/ (say dum freezshear), / ʃə/ (say shuh) noun a former county in southern Scotland, now part of Dumfries and Galloway. Also, Dumfries …   Australian English dictionary

  • dumfriesshire — …   Useful english dictionary

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