Duke, James Buchanan

▪ American tobacco magnate
born Dec. 23, 1856, Durham, N.C., U.S.
died Oct. 10, 1925, New York, N.Y.

      American tobacco magnate and philanthropist.

      The son of Washington Duke, who had entered the tobacco business after the American Civil War, James entered the family business with his brother Benjamin (1855–1929). When the principal American cigarette-manufacturing companies merged to form the American Tobacco Company in 1890, James became its president. He later helped to organize the American Snuff Company (1900) and the American Cigar Company (1901). In 1911 the U.S. Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of the monopolistic American Tobacco Company, and Duke bore the chief task of breaking the company up into the separate corporations that henceforth became the principal cigarette manufacturers of the United States.

      The Duke family contributed heavily to Trinity College in Durham, which was later expanded and renamed Duke University under provisions of a fund created by James Duke in 1924.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Buchanan Duke — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duke. Statue de James Buchanan Duke James Buchanan Duke (23 décembre 1856 – 10 octobre 1925) était …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Buchanan Duke — (December 23, 1856 ndash; October 10, 1925) was a U.S. tobacco and electric power industrialist best known for his involvement with Duke University. Personal lifeJames Buchanan Duke, known by the nickname Buck , was born near Durham, North… …   Wikipedia

  • James Buchanan (disambiguation) — James Buchanan (1791 ndash;1868) was the 15th President of the United States.James Buchanan may also refer to:*James Buchanan (activist) runs the organization White Civil Rights *James Buchanan (minister) (1804 ndash;1870), Church of Scotland… …   Wikipedia

  • Duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n. 1. Benjamin Newton, 1855 1929, and his brother, James Buchanan, 1856 1925, U.S. industrialists. 2. a male given name. * * * I European title of nobility, the highest rank below a prince or king except in countries having such… …   Universalium

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Duke University — Private university in Durham, N.C. It was created in 1924 through an endowment from James B. Duke, although the original college (Trinity) traces its roots to the mid 19th century. Duke maintained separate campuses for undergraduate men and women …   Universalium

  • Buchanan — /byooh kan euhn, beuh /, n. James, 1791 1868, 15th president of the U.S. 1857 61. * * * (as used in expressions) Buchanan George Buchanan James Duke James Buchanan * * * ▪ Liberia also called  Grand Bassa        town, Atlantic Ocean port, central …   Universalium

  • duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n., v., duked, duking. n. 1. (in Continental Europe) the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state. 2. a British nobleman holding the highest hereditary title outside the royal family, ranking immediately below a… …   Universalium

  • Duke Energy — Corporation Type Public(NYSE: DUK) S P 500 Component Industry …   Wikipedia

  • James IV of Scotland — James IV redirects here. See also James IV of Majorca. James IV King of Scots Reign 11 June 1488–9 September 1513 Coronation 24 June 1488 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.