Duhem, Pierre

▪ French physicist and philosopher
born June 10, 1861, Paris, Fr.
died Sept. 14, 1916, Cabrespine

      French physicist, mathematician, and philosopher of science (science, philosophy of) who emphasized a history of modern science based on evolutionary metaphysical concepts. He maintained that the role of theory in science is to systematize relationships rather than to interpret new phenomena.

      Duhem studied at the Collège Stanislas and École Normale Supérieure before teaching at Lille and Rennes. As professor of theoretical physics at the University of Bordeaux (1894), he was also known for work in thermodynamics and hydrodynamics. Among his voluminous writings are Études sur Léonard de Vinci (1906–13; “Studies on Leonardo da Vinci”) and La Théorie physique, son objet et sa structure (1906; “Physical Theory, Its Aim and Structure”). In 1913 he began publication of Le Système du monde; Histoire des doctrines cosmologiques, de Platon à Copernic (1913–17; “The World System; History of Cosmological Doctrines from Plato to Copernicus”), which eventually comprehended 10 volumes; but only five were completed by the time of his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Duhem, Pierre Maurice Marie — (1861–1916) The French physicist is remembered philosophically for his La Théorie physique: son objet, sa structure (1906, trs. as The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory, 1954). Duhem s conception of science is that it is simply a device for… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Pierre Duhem — Full name Pierre Duhem Born 9 June 1861 Paris, France Died 14 September 1916 Cabrespine, France Era …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Duhem — Physicien, historien et philosophe des sciences Naissance 10 juin 1861 Paris (France) Décès 14 septembre 191 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Duhem — Pierre Duhem. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (* 10. Juni 1861 in Paris; † 14. September 1916 in Cabrespine, Frankreich) war ein französischer Physiker und Wissenschaftstheoretiker/ historiker und Vertreter des Instrumentalismus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem — Pierre Duhem. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (* 10. Juni 1861 in Paris; † 14. September 1916 in Cabrespine, Frankreich) war ein französischer Physiker und Wissenschaftstheoretiker/ historiker und Vertreter des Instrumentalismus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Duhem — Pierre Duhem. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (* 10. Juni 1861 in Paris; † 14. September 1916 in Cabrespine, Frankreich) war ein französischer Physiker und Wissenschaftstheoretiker/ historiker und Vertreter des Instrumentalismus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Duhem — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pierre Duhem Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (París, 10 de junio de 1861 Cabrespine, Francia, 14 de septiembre de 1916) fue un físico y filósofo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Duhem — Duhem, Pierre Maurice Marie …   Philosophy dictionary

  • DUHEM (P.) — Des trois volets de l’œuvre de Pierre Duhem, accomplie relativement en marge du milieu scientifique français de son époque, chacun aurait pu suffire à assurer sa renommée. Pionnier de la chimie physique et promoteur d’une thermodynamique générale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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