dravya

Sanskrit“substance”

      a fundamental concept of Jainism, a religion of India that is the oldest Indian school of philosophy to separate matter and soul completely. The Jains recognize the existence of five astikayas (eternal categories of being) which together make up the dravya (substance) of existence. These five are dharma, adharma, akasha, pudgala, and jiva. Dharma is both a moral virtue and, in a meaning unique to Jainism, the medium that allows beings to move. Adharma, the medium of rest, enables beings to stop moving. Akasha, the space in which everything exists, is separated in two categories, world space (lokakasha) and non-world space (alokiakasha), which is infinitely larger than world space but empty. These three categories are unique and inactive. Pudgala (“matter”) and jiva (“soul”) are active and infinite. Only pudgala is perceptible, and only jiva has consciousness. Added later by the Digambara sect, a sixth category of dravya, kala (time), is eternal but not universal, because it does not occur in the outermost layers of the world.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dravya — Classical Elements v · d · e …   Wikipedia

  • dravya — द्रव्य …   Indonesian dictionary

  • drāvya — द्राव्य …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya — objects such as a table, a chair, and so on …   The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia

  • Dravya (Jainism) — Part of a series on Jain philosophy Concepts Anekāntavāda · Syādvāda · Nayavāda · Jain Co …   Wikipedia

  • dravya-bhāshā — द्रव्यभाषा …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya-devatā — द्रव्यदेवता …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya-dīpaka — द्रव्यदीपक …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya-dvaita — द्रव्यद्वैत …   Indonesian dictionary

  • dravya-gaṇa — द्रव्यगण …   Indonesian dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.