Dorchester, Guy Carleton, 1st Baron

▪ British statesman
born Sept. 3, 1724, Strabane, County Tyrone, Ire.
died Nov. 10, 1808, Stubbings, Berkshire, Eng.

      soldier-statesman who, as governor of Quebec before and during the American Revolutionary War, succeeded in reconciling the British and French and in repulsing the invasion attempts of Continental forces.

      Carleton was commissioned an ensign in the British army in 1742, becoming a lieutenant colonel in 1757. Two years later he took part in the expedition against Quebec as quartermaster general under General James Wolfe; he was wounded at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. After two years as lieutenant governor of the province of Quebec, Carleton became governor (1768–78). His conciliatory policy toward the French-Canadian landowners and clergy was confirmed by the British Parliament's enactment of the Quebec Act of 1774, which, though it postponed the advent of representative government in Quebec, later formed the basis for the French-Canadians' political and religious rights.

      After helping to repel the Continental Army's invasion of Canada (1775–76), Carleton had a disagreement with the secretary of state for the colonies and retired. Four years later (in 1782) he was appointed commander in chief of British forces in North America. As governor in chief of British North America (1786–96), he promoted the Constitution Act of 1791, which helped develop representative institutions in Canada at a time when the French Revolution was threatening governments elsewhere. He retired to private life in England in 1796. He had been knighted in 1779 and created a baron in 1786.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dorchester (of Dorchester), Guy Carleton, 1st Baron — born Sept. 3, 1724, Strabane, County Tyrone, Ire. died Nov. 10, 1808, Stubbings, Berkshire, Eng. Irish soldier statesman. In 1759 he was sent to Canada, where he fought in the Battle of Quebec. He served as lieutenant governor (1766–68) and… …   Universalium

  • Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester — Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, KB (Strabane, Co. Tyrone, Ireland, September 3, 1722 ndash; November 10, 1808 Stubbings, Maidenhead, Berkshire), known between 1776 and 1786 as Sir Guy Carleton, was an Irish British soldier who twice served as …   Wikipedia

  • Guy Carleton, barón de Dorchester — Guy Carleton, Primer Barón de Dorchester. Guy Carleton, Primer Barón de Dorchester, caballero de la Orden del Baño (Strabane, Condado de Tyrone, Irlanda, 3 de septiembre de 1724 – 10 de noviembre de 1808 Stubbings, Maidenhead, Berkshire),… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guy Carleton — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Guy Carleton, Primer Barón de Dorchester. Guy Carleton, Primer Barón de Dorchester, Order of the Bath, KB (Strabane, Condado de Tyrone, Irlanda, 3 de septiembre de 1724 – 10 de noviembre de 1808 Stubbings, Maid …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Guy — /guy/; Fr. /gee/, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning woods. * * * (as used in expressions) Bolton Guy Reginald Burgess Guy Francis de Moncy Dorchester of Dorchester Guy Carleton 1st Baron Fawkes Guy Guy Blaché Alice Alice Guy… …   Universalium

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

  • guy — guy1 /guy/, n., v., guyed, guying. n. 1. Informal. a man or boy; fellow: He s a nice guy. 2. Usually, guys. Informal. persons of either sex; people: Could one of you guys help me with this? 3. Chiefly Brit. Slang. a grotesquely dressed person. 4 …   Universalium

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