Doolittle, James H.

▪ United States general
in full  James Harold Doolittle,  byname  Jimmy Doolittle 
born Dec. 14, 1896, Alameda, Calif., U.S.
died Sept. 27, 1993, Pebble Beach, Calif.
 American aviator and army general who led an air raid on Tokyo and other Japanese cities four months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

      Doolittle was educated at Los Angeles Junior College (1914–16) and the University of California School of Mines (1916–17). As an army enlistee during World War I, he became an expert aviator and flight instructor. He stayed in the Army Air Corps after the war, was promoted to first lieutenant in 1920, and also studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, Mass.), where in 1925 he received a doctorate in advanced engineering.

      Doolittle remained in the Army Air Corps until 1930, demonstrating, testing, and racing aircraft. Upon resigning his commission, he took charge of the aviation department of the Shell Oil Company. While serving as a consultant to the government and the military, he continued to race aircraft, setting a world high-speed record in 1932.

      With the outbreak of World War II, Doolittle returned to active duty in the Army Air Forces. On April 18, 1942, he commanded a bombing mission that began on the deck of the aircraft carrier Hornet. Sixteen B-25s struck Tokyo, Yokohama, and other Japanese cities. The planes then proceeded westward, and most of the crews arrived safely behind friendly lines on the Chinese mainland. While the raid did little damage, it greatly bolstered U.S. morale and caused the Japanese to shift precious resources to air defense.

      Doolittle, made a brigadier general after the raid, received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions and soon was promoted to major general. He continued to lead air operations during the war, on the European, North African, and Pacific fronts, winning promotion to lieutenant general in 1944. He commanded the 8th Air Force in its attacks on Germany during 1944–45. After the war he returned to Shell Oil and to advisory positions in both the public and private sectors, remaining active in the aerospace industry after retiring in 1959. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Doolittle, James Harold — ▪ 1994       general (ret.), U.S. Army Air Force (b. Dec. 14, 1896, Alameda, Calif. d. Sept. 27, 1993, Pebble Beach, Calif.), was a lieutenant colonel when he commanded the strike force of B 25 bombers that on April 18, 1942, conducted a daring… …   Universalium

  • Doolittle Raid — Part of World War II, Pacific War A B 25 taking off from Hornet …   Wikipedia

  • Doolittle-Raid — Teil von: Zweiter Weltkrieg, Pazifikkrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James H. Doolittle — James Harold Doolittle (* 14. Dezember 1896 in Alameda, Kalifornien; † 27. September 1993 in Pebble Beach, Kalifornien) war Pilot und wurde bekannt durch hervorragende fliegerische Leistungen und einen frühen Luftangriff auf Tokio während des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Doolittle — James H. Doolittle James H. Doolittle James Harold Doolittle dit Jimmy Doolittle (14 décembre 1896 27 septembre 1993) est un pilote et pionnier du développement de l aviation américain de l entre deux guerres. Officier de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James H. Doolittle — James Harold Doolittle dit Jimmy Doolittle (14 décembre 1896 27 septembre 1993) est un pilote et pionnier du développement de l aviation américain de l entre deux guerres. Officier de l USAAF pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James H. Doolittle — Para otros usos de este término, véase Doolittle. James Harold Doolittle (14 de diciembre de 1896 27 de septiembre de 1993), pionero de la aviación militar estadounidense. James H. Doolittle. Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Doolittle — noun United States Air Force officer who electrified the world in 1942 by leading a squadron of 16 bombers on a daylight raid over Tokyo (1896 1993) • Syn: ↑Jimmy Doolittle, ↑James Harold Doolittle • Instance Hypernyms: ↑aviator, ↑aeronaut,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Doolittle Raid — Teil von: Zweiter Weltkrieg, Pazifikkrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Harold Doolittle — (* 14. Dezember 1896 in Alameda, Kalifornien; † 27. September 1993 in Pebble Beach, Kalifornien) war Pilot und ein General der United States Air Force. Er wurde bekannt durch hervorragende fliegerische Leistungen und einen frühen Luftangriff auf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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