Doby, Larry

▪ American baseball player
byname of  Lawrence Eugene Doby 
born December 13, 1923, Camden, South Carolina, U.S.
died June 18, 2003, Montclair, New Jersey
 American baseball player, the second African American player in the major leagues and the first in the American League when he joined the Cleveland Indians in 1947.

      The son of a semipro baseball player, Doby excelled at baseball, basketball, and football, earning an athletic scholarship to Long Island University in New York. Doby played for the Newark Eagles of the Negro National League (Negro league) in 1942 and 1943 before enlisting in the U.S. Navy. He returned to the Newark Eagles for the 1946 and 1947 seasons until Bill Veeck (Veeck, Bill) signed him to play with the Cleveland Indians at the end of the 1947 season. Doby, whose own father had died when he was 8 years old, spoke of Veeck as a second father. When some of his new teammates refused to shake his hand, Veeck got rid of them before the next season began. Like Jackie Robinson (Robinson, Jackie), Doby was excluded from many segregated hotels and restaurants frequented by teammates, received numerous death threats, and had to overcome the animosity of other players and fans; however, since the papers were already reporting Robinson's troubles, Doby's struggles were mostly ignored at the time.

      In 1948 Doby starred as the Indians' centre fielder, batting .301, and his home run won a World Series game. A power hitter, he batted .326 in 1950, when he led the league in on-base percentage; twice he slugged 32 homers to lead the league; and his 126 runs batted in (RBIs) led the Indians to another pennant in 1954. Doby was an all-star for 7 of his 13 years (1947–59), which included time with the Chicago White Sox and the Detroit Tigers. He came out of retirement in 1962 to play with the Chunichi Dragons in Japan for one season. He then went on to coach for the Montreal Expos, Indians, and White Sox, before Veeck made him the White Sox manager in 1978, the second African American major league manager. Doby was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 1998.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Doby — Lawrence „Larry“ Eugene Doby (* 13. Dezember 1923 in Camden, South Carolina; † 18. Juni 2003 in Montclair, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Baseballspieler und manager in der Major League Baseball. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Larry Doby — Infobox MLB retired name=Larry Doby position=Outfielder bats=Left throws=Right birthdate=December 13, 1923 city state|Camden|South Carolina deathdate=death date and age|2003|6|18|1923|12|13 city state|Montclair|New Jersey debutdate=July 5… …   Wikipedia

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  • Larry Doby — Lawrence „Larry“ Eugene Doby (* 13. Dezember 1923 in Camden, South Carolina; † 18. Juni 2003 in Montclair, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Baseballspieler und –manager in der Major League Baseball. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Seine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Doby, Lawrence Eugene — ▪ 2004 “Larry”        American baseball player (b. Dec. 13, 1923, Camden, S.C. d. June 18, 2003, Montclair, N.J.), became the second African American player in the major leagues and the first in the American League when he joined the Cleveland… …   Universalium

  • baseball — /bays bawl /, n. 1. a game of ball between two nine player teams played usually for nine innings on a field that has as a focal point a diamond shaped infield with a home plate and three other bases, 90 ft. (27 m) apart, forming a circuit that… …   Universalium

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