Dimitrijević, Dragutin

▪ Serbian army officer
byname  Apis (“Holy Bull”)  
born Aug. 17, 1876, Belgrade, Serbia
died June 27, 1917, Thessaloníki, Greece

      Serbian army officer and conspirator, leader of the Serbian secret society Crna Ruka (“ Black Hand”).

      A young army officer and already a member of the Serbian general staff, Dimitrijević in 1901 initiated an officers' conspiracy to assassinate the unpopular king Alexander Obrenović. The plan was finally carried out in June 1903. Soon thereafter the conspirators succeeded in bringing the army under their control. As a professor of tactics at the military academy, Dimitrijević exerted considerable influence over his students, and he fostered Serbian nationalistic activity abroad. More significantly, he was also a founding member (1911) and inspirational leader of the nationalistic secret society Ujedinjenje ili Smrt (“Union or Death”), better known as the Black Hand, which sought to create a Greater Serbia through the use of violence. Dimitrijević is considered to have played an important role in plotting the assassination of the Austrian archduke Francis Ferdinand at Sarajevo (June 28, 1914), which touched off World War I.

      In 1913 Dimitrijević had been appointed chief of general staff intelligence in the Serbian army, and in 1916 he won promotion to colonel. Soon afterward, however, the Black Hand society was marked for elimination by the Serbian premier Nikola Pašić, and in May 1917 Dimitrijević was sentenced to death with six other officers and was executed. He was exonerated of all charges at a staged retrial at Belgrade in 1953.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dragutin Dimitrijevic — Dragutin T. Dimitrijević genannt Apis (kyrillisch Драгутин Т. Димитријевић Апис; * 5.jul./ 17. August 1876greg. in Belgrad; † 13.jul./ 26. Juni 1917greg. in Saloniki) war ein serbischer Offizier und Verschwörer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dragutin Dimitrijević Apis — Dragutin T. Dimitrijević genannt Apis (kyrillisch Драгутин Т. Димитријевић Апис; * 5.jul./ 17. August 1876greg. in Belgrad; † 13.jul./ 26. Juni 1917greg. in Saloniki) war ein serbischer Offizier und Verschwörer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dragutin (given name) — This article is about the given name. For the Serbian ruler, see Stephen Dragutin of Serbia. Dragutin is a given name. Those bearing it include: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Dragutin Topić Dragutin Dimitrijević Dragutin… …   Wikipedia

  • Dragutin Dimitrijević — Apis Dragutin Dimitrijević (Serbian Cyrillic: Драгутин Димитријевић; also known as Apis (Апис); August 17, 1876, Belgrade – June 27, 1917) was a Serbian soldier and leader of the Black Hand group implicated with assassination of Franz Ferdinand,… …   Wikipedia

  • Dragutin Dimitrijević — (en cyrillique serbe Драгутин Димитријевић) (connu sous le nom de l abeille , Colonel Apis , No. 6 ou, plus communément, Apis ) né le (17 août 1876 mort le 11, le 24 ou le 27 juin 1917) était un officier serbe, dirigeant de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dragutin Dimitrijević — Dragutin T. Dimitrijević genannt Apis (kyrillisch Драгутин Т. Димитријевић Апис; * 5.jul./ 17. August 1876greg. in Belgrad; † 13.jul./ 26. Juni 1917greg. in Saloniki) war ein serbischer Offizier und Verschwörer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dimitrijević — may refer to: Bojan Dimitrijević (actor) (born 1973), a Serbian actor Bojan Dimitrijević (politician) (born 1963), Serbian Minister of Trade, Tourism, and Services Braco Dimitrijević (born 1948), a Bosnian artist, born in Sarajevo, Bosnia… …   Wikipedia

  • Dimitrijević — ist der Nachname mehrerer Personen: Braco Dimitrijević (* 1948), bosnischer Künstler, Grafiker und Kunsttheoretiker Dragutin Dimitrijević (1877–1917), serbischer Politiker und Offizier Slobodan Dimitrijević (1941−1999), jugoslawischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dragutin — ist eine slawische Variante des männlichen Vornamens Dragan. Bekannte Namensträger Vorname Dragutin Dimitrijević (1876–1917), serbischer Politiker und Offizier Dragutin Haramija (* 1923), kroatischer Premierminister Dragutin Šurbek (* 1946),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dimitrijević — Dimitríjević DEFINICIJA 1. Dragutin (Apis) (1876 1917), srp. oficir, osnivač i duhovni vođa tajne organizacije Crna ruka; upleten u ubojstvo srp. kralja A. Obrenovića (1903) i austrijskog prestolonasljednika Ferdinanda (1914) 2. Mila (1877 1972) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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