Deng Yingchao

▪ Chinese politician
Wade-Giles romanization  Teng Ying-ch'ao 
born Feb. 4, 1904, Nanning, Guangxi province, China
died July 11, 1992, Beijing

      Chinese politician, a revolutionary hard-liner who became a high-ranking official of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) after the death of her husband, Premier Zhou Enlai, in 1976.

      Deng's involvement in political and social causes began in her youth. She joined the movement to abolish the custom of binding women's feet and took part in the May Fourth Movement (1917–21), a revolution led by young intellectuals that was aimed at preserving Chinese society and culture in the wake of Japanese encroachment. At the age of 15, she joined the Awakening Society, a liberal student movement headed by Zhou, and she was arrested for her radical activities.

      Deng joined the CCP in 1925 and married Zhou the same year. They were forced underground after the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) massacred other communists in Shanghai (1927). Deng and Zhou went to the Jiangxi Soviet in 1932, joining Mao Zedong and his followers on the arduous Long March (1934–35). Deng, who was one of only a handful of women on the 6,000-mile (10,000-km) trek, contracted tuberculosis. After the communist victory in 1949, she was revered as the nation's “elder sister,” and she became a member of the CCP Central Committee (1956). After weathering factional fighting during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), she was given a seat on the CCP Political Bureau (1978) and later served as head of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (1983–88). Deng remained a party loyalist, advocating the use of military force against the student-led 1989 pro-democracy movement.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Deng Yingchao — 鄧穎超 Chairperson of the CPPCC In office 6th CPPCC In office June 1983 – April 1988 President Li Xiannian …   Wikipedia

  • Deng Yingchao — mit ihrem Mann Deng Yingchao (chinesisch 鄧穎超 / 邓颖超 Dèng Yǐngchāo, W. G. Teng Ying ch ao; * 4. Februar 1904; † 11. Juli 1992) war eine der wenigen prominenten Frauen in der kommunistischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deng Yingchao — (鄧穎超) (4 février 1904 1er juillet 1992), était la présidente de la conférence consultative politique du peuple chinois de 1983 à 1988 et un membre du parti communiste chinois. Avec des ancêtres dans le district de Guangshan (光山縣), H …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mémorial de Zhou Enlai et Deng Yingchao — Le Mémorial de Zhou enlai et Deng Yingchao (en sinogrammes simplifiés : 周恩来邓颖超纪念馆) est un musée à Tianjin, en République populaire de Chine. Le musée de trois étages est dédié à la mémoire du premier ministre Zhou Enlai et à sa femme, Deng… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Memorial to Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao — The Memorial to Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao (Chinese: 周恩来邓颖超纪念馆) is a museum in Tianjin, the People s Republic of China. The three story museum is dedicated to the memory of premier Zhou En lai and his wife, Deng Yingchao, and features photos,… …   Wikipedia

  • Deng — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Deng Ai (197–264), General der chinesischen Wei Dynastie Deng Mengnü († 165), Kaiserin der Han Dynastie Deng Pufang (* 1944), chinesischer Politiker Deng Sui (81–121), chinesische Kaiserin Deng Xiaoping… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yingchao — ist der Name folgender Personen: Deng Yingchao (1904–1992), Mitglied der kommunistischen revolutionären Bewegung vor der Gründung der VR China Kong Yingchao (* 1982), chinesische Biathletin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deng — refers to: The Chinese surname Deng Deng Xiaoping, de facto leader of China from 1979 or 1980 until his death in 1997 Dèng Lìjūn, an Asian singer, from Taipei, Taiwan Deng Yingchao, Chinese communist leader and wife of Zhou Enlai The Deng people …   Wikipedia

  • Deng Xiaoping — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Deng. Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Deng Xiaoping in 1979 Chairman of the …   Wikipedia

  • Deng Xiaoping — Dans ce nom chinois, le nom de famille, Deng, précède le prénom. Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping en 1979 Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.