Demirel, Süleyman

▪ president of Turkey
born October 6, 1924, İslâmköy, Turkey

      politician and civil engineer who served seven times as prime minister of Turkey and was president from 1993 to 2000.

      Born into a peasant family, Demirel graduated in 1948 from the Technical University of Istanbul as an engineer. He entered politics in 1961 and was elected to the National Assembly that same year as a member of the Justice Party (JP), becoming the party's leader in 1964. On October 27, 1965, after the general elections, he became the youngest prime minister in his country's history. As prime minister he improved Turkey's ties with its NATO allies and instituted development programs for his basic constituency, the Turkish peasantry.

      Demirel was reelected in 1969, but his moderate policies faced growing opposition from both the left and the right, and, upon his refusal to allow the military to assume a policy-making role in efforts to combat terrorism, Turkey's military commanders forced him to resign in March 1971. In March 1975 a coalition of the JP and smaller right-wing parties in a Nationalist Front once more restored Demirel to the prime ministry.

      Demirel pursued a policy of economic growth, in spite of civil violence and terrorism from extremist factions, inflation, and a trade deficit. But the electoral coalitions that now enabled him to maintain power were inherently weak, unstable, and governmentally ineffective. His fourth ministry fell in June 1977, but he achieved a fifth prime ministry from July to December 1977 and a sixth from November 1979 to September 1980. As the country continued to be torn apart by extremist violence, the military overthrew his government on September 12, 1980. Demirel was banned from participating in politics for a time, but he once more was returned to office as prime minister in November 1991, with the electoral defeat of the governing Motherland Party. He resigned that post in May 1993 after he was elected president of Turkey. In 2000 the National Assembly rejected a constitutional amendment that would have allowed the president to seek a second term, and Demirel was thus barred from running for reelection. He left office in 2000.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Demirel, Suleyman — (1920 )    Trained as a hydraulic engineer, Demirel was a moderate right wing prime minister of Turkey on several occasions from 1965 to 1993 and then president from 1993 to 2000 upon the death of Turgut Ozal. The military removed Demirel from… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Süleyman Demirel — 9th President of the Republic of Turkey In office 16 May 1993 – 16 May 2000 Prime Minister Tansu Çi …   Wikipedia

  • Suleyman Demirel — Süleyman Demirel Süleyman Demirel Süleyman Demirel est un homme d’état turc, neuvième président de la république. Il a dirigé sept fois le gouvernement. Issu d une famille modeste, né à İslamköy, province d’Isparta en Turquie, le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DEMIREL (S.) — DEMIREL SÜLEYMAN (1924 ) Né dans la région d’Isparta (sud du plateau anatolien), au sein d’une famille de paysans aisés, Süleyman Demirel obtient son diplôme d’ingénieur en hydraulique en 1949 à Istanbul, puis bénéficie d’une bourse américaine… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Süleyman Demirel — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Süleyman Demirel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Demirel. Süleyman Demirel Süleyman Demirel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Süleyman Demirel — Süleyman Demirel, 1998 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Demirel — („Demir“ = „Eisen“ und „El“ = „Hand“, somit also übersetzt „Eisenhand“) ist der türkische Familienname folgender Personen: Filiz Demirel (* 1964), deutsch türkische Politikerin (GAL Hamburg) Mithat Demirel (* 1978), deutscher Basketballspieler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Demirel — is a Turkish surname and may refer to: Bektaş Demirel, Turkish judoka Mithat Demirel, German former professional basketball player of Turkish descent Süleyman Demirel, Turkish politician Volkan Demirel, Turkish football goalkeeper This page or… …   Wikipedia

  • Süleyman Demirel University — Infobox University name= Süleyman Demirel University established=1992 type = Public president=Metin Lütfi Baydar city=Isparta country=Republic of Turkey undergrad = 32,883 postgrad = 3,237 faculty= 1796 campus=Suburban website= [ …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.