Defferre, Gaston

▪ French politician
born Sept. 14, 1910, Marsillargues, near Marseille, Fr.
died May 7, 1986, Marseille

      French politician, Socialist Party leader, and longtime mayor of Marseille (1944–45, 1953–86).

      Son of a lawyer (avocat), Defferre studied at the Faculty of Law in Aix-en-Provence and practiced law from 1931. During World War II he served in the resistance and was briefly mayor of Marseille near war's end. He was deputy to the National Assembly almost continuously from 1945 until his death. He favoured independence for France's overseas territories, including Algeria. When Charles de Gaulle (Gaulle, Charles de) came to power in 1958, Defferre was without a parliamentary seat until 1962, when he returned and rallied the Socialist Party's (Socialist Party) opposition to de Gaulle's presidency. Standing as the Socialist presidential candidate in 1969, however, Defferre received only 5 percent of the vote.

      A combative politician (he fought a fencing duel with a Gaullist deputy in 1967), he supported François Mitterrand's (Mitterrand, François) presidential ambitions in the 1970s and, later as interior minister, was responsible in 1982 for the decentralization measures that were among the most significant administrative reforms of the Socialist government under Mitterrand's presidency. His most formidable power base, however, was in the town hall at Marseille, where for 33 years he managed to hold off the challenge from the right and presided over the creation of a modern city, built up its social and cultural amenities, and tried to ameliorate the city's problems of finance, housing, and influx of emigrants from Algeria in 1962.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Defferre, Gaston — (1910 1986)    political figure    Born in Marsillargues, Gaston Defferre was, since 1933, a militant Socialist (SFIO) and, during World War II, a member of the Resistance. He was mayor of Marseille (1944 45 and from 1953 until his death), served …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Defferre, Gaston —  (1910–1986) French Socialist politician and journalist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Gaston Defferre — Gaston Defferre, en 1959. Parlementaire français Date de naissance 14 septembre 1910 Date de décès …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Gaston DEFERRE — Gaston Defferre Gaston Defferre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaston Defferre — Gaston Defferre. Gaston, Paul, Charles Defferre, nace en Marsillargues, departamento de Hérault, entre Montpellier (Hérault) y Nîmes (Gard), el 14 de septiembre de 1910; y fallece en Marsella el 7 de mayo de 1986. Es un polític …   Wikipedia Español

  • Defferre — Gaston Defferre (* 14. September 1910 in Marsillargues, Département Hérault; † 7. Mai 1986 in Marseille) war ein französischer Politiker der Sozialistischen Partei. Biografie Defferre entstammt einer kleinbürgerlich protestantischen Familie. 1928 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DEFFERRE (G.) — Gaston DEFFERRE 1910 1986 Gaston Defferre est né le 14 septembre 1910 à Marsillargues (Hérault), dans une famille protestante. Son père, avoué, le conduit à choisir des études de droit. Après le lycée de Nîmes, Gaston Defferre s’inscrit à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gaston Defferre — (1959) Gaston Paul Charles Defferre (* 14. September 1910 in Marsillargues, Département Hérault; † 7. Mai 1986 in Marseille) war ein französischer Politiker der Sozialistischen Partei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaston Defferre — (September 14, 1910 May 7, 1986, Marseille) was a French socialist politician.Lawyer and member of the SFIO Socialist Party (French Section of the Workers International), he was a member of the Brutus Network, a Resistance Socialist group during… …   Wikipedia

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