Decebalus

▪ Dacian king
died 106

      king of the Dacians, a people who lived in the territory known presently as Romania.

      Decebalus unified the various Dacian tribes into one nation and led them in wars against the Roman emperors Domitian and Trajan. When Decebalus came to power in 85, he immediately organized an army and attacked the Roman province of Moesia (southeastern Balkans), killing its governor, Oppius Sabinus. In 86 or 87 Decebalus annihilated a Roman army under Cornelius Fuscus, Domitian's praetorian praefect, but he was severely defeated by Tettius Julianus in 88. Fortunately for Decebalus, a pretender rebelled against Domitian and the German tribes on the Danube chose this moment to revolt against Rome. These new dangers caused Domitian to come to terms quickly with Decebalus (89) and to provide the Dacians with an annual subsidy and the loan of engineers in exchange for recognition of Roman overlordship.

      In 101 Trajan led an invasion of Dacia (First Dacian War). The capital of Sarmizegethusa (in modern Romania) was captured, and Decebalus was forced in 102 to accept Roman occupation garrisons. In 105 Decebalus defeated the occupation forces and invaded Moesia (Second Dacian War). But, after Trajan seized Sarmizegethusa a second time (106), the defeated king committed suicide, and in 107 Dacia became a Roman province. Although Trajan's own account of his Dacian wars has been lost, Trajan's Column in Rome preserves depictions of the conflict.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Decebalus — war von ca. 85–106 n. Chr.[1] der letzte König von Dakien, einem Land, das Teile des heutigen Rumäniens und Serbiens umfasste. Nach der Invasion seines Reiches durch römische Truppen im Jahr 106 n. Chr. tötete er sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Decebălus — Decebălus, bei den Daciern so v.w. König, Fürst; bes. bekannt als D. istDorpaneus; dieser machte unter der Regierung des Kaisers Domitianus einen Einfall in Mösien, weshalb der Kaiser einen Rachekrieg gegen ihn führte; aber D. schlug den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Decebălus — (nach einigen kein Eigenname, sondern dakisches Wort für »Fürst«), König der Daker zur Zeit der Kaiser Domitian und Trajan, gelangte durch die freiwillige Abdankung des Königs Duras zur Herrschaft. Er faßte den Plan, einen dakischen Großstaat zu… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Decebalus — Decebalus, s. Dacien …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Decebalus — Decebalus,   König der Daker (seit 87 n. Chr.), Dakien …   Universal-Lexikon

  • DECEBALUS — Rex Dacorum, fortis et prudens, qui non solum uti victoriâ, sed et omnia adversa in suum usum convertere sciret. Domitiani duces Oppium Sabinum, et Cornelium Fuscum devicit; a Traiano superatus A. C. 103. pacem impertrvit. Quâ violatâ, cum gravis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Decebalus — Decebal redirects here. For the village in Soroca district, Moldova, see Tătărăuca Veche. For the village in Satu Mare County, Romania, see Vetiş. Decebalus or Diurpaneus King of Dacia …   Wikipedia

  • Decebalus Treasure — The Decebalus Treasure is a legendary story written by Cassius Dio concerning events said to have happened in the Roman world during the 2nd century AD. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Statue of Decebalus — The Statue of Dacian king Decebalus is a 40 meter high statue that is the tallest rock sculpture in Europe. It is located on the Danube s rocky bank, near the city of Orşova, Romania.The idea belonged to Romanian businessman and historian Iosif… …   Wikipedia

  • ДЕЦЕБАЛ (Decebalus) — (ум. 106) вождь даков с 87. В 89 после успешной войны с римлянами добился мира, по которому Рим должен был выплачивать дакам ежегодные субсидии; войны даков с Римом в 101 102 и 105 106 завершились подчинением даков Риму и самоубийством Децебала …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

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