De Sanctis, Francesco

▪ Italian critic
born March 28, 1817, Morra Irpina, Kingdom of Naples [now in Italy]
died Dec. 29, 1883, Naples, Italy

      Italian literary critic whose work contributed significantly to the understanding of Italian literature and civilization.

      De Sanctis, a liberal patriot, took part in the Neapolitan revolution of 1848 and for some years was a prisoner of the Bourbons. He then lived in exile in Turin (then in the Kingdom of Sardinia) and Zürich, Switz., where he became known as a teacher and lecturer. He returned to Italy in 1860 and began working on educational reform, serving as minister of education in 1861–62, 1878, and 1879–80. In 1871–77 he was professor of comparative literature at the University of Naples.

      A scholar of literature and history, De Sanctis brought to his criticism a knowledge of philosophy, particularly Hegelian aesthetics. His essays on the Italian poets (Saggi critici, 1866; Nuovi saggi critici, 1873) relate these poets to the society of their times. His masterpiece, Storia della letteratura italiana (1870–71; History of Italian Literature), is an illuminating account not only of Italian literature but of the development of Italian society from the 13th to the 19th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • De Sanctis, Francesco — (1817–1883)    As a young man, De Sanctis took part in the 1848 uprising against absolutist rule in his native Naples. He was imprisoned for two years; after his release he was exiled first to Turin and then to Zurich, where he taught Italian… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Francesco De Sanctis — um 1856 Francesco De Sanctis (* 28. März 1817[1] in Morra Irpina, Provinz Avellino; † 28. Dezember 1883 in Neapel) war ein italienischer Literaturhistoriker und kr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco de Sanctis — um 1856 Francesco de Sanctis, (* 28. März 1817[1] in Morra Irpina, Provinz Avellino; † 28. Dezember 1883 in Neapel) war ein italienischer Literaturhistoriker und kritiker. De Sanctis studierte zunächst Rechtswissenschaften, gab aber sein Studium… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sanctis — Francesco de Sanctis um 1856 Francesco de Sanctis, (* 28. März 1817[1] in Morra Irpina, Provinz Avellino; † 28. Dezember 1883 in Neapel) war ein italienischer Literaturhistoriker und kritiker. De Sanctis studierte zunächst Rechtswissenschaften,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco De Sanctis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Esta biografía se refiere al político e historiador; para el arquitecto barroco, véase Francesco De Sanctis (arquitecto) Francesco De Sanctis Francesco De Sanctis (Morra Irpina, 1817 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Francesco Guicciardini — Francesco Guicciardini. Francesco Guicciardini (Florencia, 6 de marzo de 1483 – Arcetri, 22 de mayo de 1540) fue un filósofo, historiador y político italiano. Contenido 1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sanctis — Sanctis, Francesco de, s. De Sanctis …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Francesco De Sanctis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir De Sanctis. Francesco De Sanctis Francesco De Sanctis (né le 28 mars  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sanctis — Sạnctis,   Francesco De, italienischer Literarhistoriker und Politiker, De Sanctis, Francesco.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Francesco de Sanctis — (march 28, 1817 ndash; december 29, 1883) was an Italian literary critic, considered the most important scholar of Italian language and literature in the 19th century.He was born at Morra Irpina (Campania) to a family of middle class landowners.… …   Wikipedia

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