Davis, Benjamin O., Jr.
▪ United States generalborn December 18, 1912, Washington, D.C., U.S.died July 4, 2002, Washington, D.C.pilot, officer, and administrator who became the first African American general in the U.S. Air Force. His father, Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. (Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Sr.), was the first African American to become a general in any branch of the U.S. military.Davis studied at the University of Chicago before entering the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1932. After graduating in 1936 he was commissioned in the infantry and in 1941 was among the first group of African Americans admitted to the Army Air Corps and to pilot training. Upon his graduation he was swiftly promoted to lieutenant colonel, and he organized the 99th Pursuit Squadron, the first entirely African American air unit, which flew tactical support missions in the Mediterranean theatre. In 1943 he organized and commanded the 332nd Fighter Group (the Tuskegee Airmen). By the end of the war Davis himself had flown 60 combat missions and had been promoted to colonel.After the war Davis held other commands, and he helped plan the desegregation of the air force in 1948. He graduated from the Air War College in 1950, commanded a fighter wing in the Korean War, and was promoted to brigadier general (a one-star general) in 1954. In 1959 Davis became the first African American officer to reach the rank of major general (a two-star general) in the air force and was promoted to lieutenant general (a three-star general) in 1965. After retiring in 1970 he was named director of civil aviation security in the U.S. Department of Transportation. In that post he devised and coordinated measures that effectively ended a wave of aircraft hijackings in the United States. Davis became an assistant secretary of transportation in 1971.Davis received many decorations during his career, including two Distinguished Service Medals and a Silver Star. On December 9, 1998, Davis was awarded his fourth general's star (making him a general of the highest order within the U.S. military). He was the first African American to be so honoured in retirement. His 1991 autobiography, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American, recounts his career.
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Davis,Benjamin Oliver — Davis, Benjamin Oliver. 1877 1970. American cavalry officer who was the first African American general in the U.S. Army (1940 1948). His son Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. (born 1912), was the first African American general in the U.S. Air Force… … Universalium
Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Jr. — (1912 2002) Born the son of the U.S. Army’s first black general, Benjamin O. Davis Jr. attended the University of Chicago before he became the first African American in the 20th century to graduate from West Point Military Academy in 1936. He… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Jr. — ▪ 2003 general (ret.), U.S. Air Force (b. Dec. 18, 1912, Washington, D.C. d. July 4, 2002, Washington, D.C.), became the first African American general in the U.S. Air Force and in World War II led the 332nd Fighter Group the Tuskegee… … Universalium
Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Sr. — (1880 1970) The first African American general in the U.S. Army, Benjamin O. Davis Sr. was born in Washington, D.C., where he attended high school and took part time classes at Howard University. In 1898, he joined the 8th Volunteer Infantry… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Sr. — ▪ United States general born July 1, 1877, Washington, D.C., U.S. died November 26, 1970, North Chicago, Ill. soldier who became the first black general in the U.S. Army. After serving as a volunteer in the Spanish American War (1898) … Universalium
Davis, Benjamin O(liver), Jr. — born Dec. 18, 1912, Washington, D.C., U.S. died July 4, 2002, Washington, D.C. U.S. pilot and administrator, the first African American general in the U.S. Air Force. He graduated from West Point and in 1941 was admitted to the Army Air Corps. He … Universalium
Davis, Benjamin O(liver), Jr. — (18 dic. 1912, Washington, D.C., EE.UU.–4 jul. 2002, Washington, D.C.). Piloto y administrador estadounidense, primer general afroamericano de la Fuerza Aérea de EE.UU. Egresó de West Point y en 1941 entró al Cuerpo aéreo del ejército. Organizó… … Enciclopedia Universal
Benjamin Franklin Davis — Benjamin Franklin Grimy Davis (1832 ndash; June 9, 1863) was an American military officer who served in Indian wars, then led Union cavalry in the American Civil War before dying in combat.Born in Alabama, Davis was appointed from Mississippi to… … Wikipedia
Benjamin Oliver Davis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Benjamin Oliver Davis Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. (18 de diciembre de 1912, Washington D. C. 4 de julio de 2002, Washington D. C.) fue un piloto estadounidense, el primer a … Wikipedia Español
Davis — Davis, Angela Davis, Bette Davis, Copa Davis, Jefferson Davis, John Davis, Miles Dewey * * * (as used in expressions) Davis, Angela (Yvonne) Davis, Benjamin O(liver), Jr. Davis, Bette … Enciclopedia Universal