Dandarah

Egypt
also spelled  Dendera 
 agricultural town on the west bank of the Nile, in Qinā muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Upper Egypt. The modern town is built on the ancient site of Ta-ynt-netert (She of the Divine Pillar), or Tentyra. It was the capital of the sixth nome (province) of pharaonic Upper Egypt and was dedicated to the sky and fertility goddess Hathor. Her temple is one of the best preserved in Egypt. The present building dates to the Ptolemaic Period (305–30 BC) and was completed by the Roman emperor Tiberius (AD 14–37), but it rests on the foundations of earlier buildings dating back at least as far as Khufu (second king of the 4th dynasty [c. 2613–c. 2494 BC]).

      The sandstone temple is approximately 260 feet (79 metres) long and was built within a 900,000-square-foot (83,600-square-metre) area enclosed by a wall of dried mud brick. Within the temple a great, elaborately decorated hypostyle hall is supported by 18 Hathor-headed columns, giving it a forestlike appearance. The ceiling is carved with astronomical scenes and the walls with the details of a royal visit. Off the hall a smaller one with six columns is surrounded by six magazines, and it, in turn, leads into two vestibules, the second of which opens into the sanctuary where the sacred boat was kept containing the image of the goddess. On the roof of the temple are several chapels dedicated to the god Osiris, in one of which a zodiac and sundial, now in Paris, were discovered.

      Behind the temple lies a small temple of Isis. On the north side is a sacred lake. There also was found a gate of Mentuhotep II (reigned 2060–10 BC), now in the Cairo Museum. Two birth-houses and a Christian church stand east of the sacred lake. Pop. (2001 est.) 27,500.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • art and architecture, Egyptian — Introduction       the ancient architectural monuments, sculptures, paintings, and decorative crafts produced mainly during the dynastic periods of the first three millennia BC in the Nile valley regions of Egypt and Nubia. The course of art in… …   Universalium

  • astronomical map — Introduction       any cartographic representation of the stars, galaxies, or surfaces of the planets and the Moon. Modern maps of this kind are based on a coordinate system analagous to geographic latitude and longitude. In most cases, modern… …   Universalium

  • Kom Ombo — كوم أمبو Tour boats at the Temple of Kom Ombo …   Wikipedia

  • List of cities in Egypt — [ Luxor] This is a list of the most important and largest cities and towns in Egypt:*Akhmim *Al Alamayn (El Alamein) *Alexandria *Al Arish *Al Fayyum *Aswan *Asyut *Banha *Bani Suwayf *Bur Safaga *Bur Said (Port Said) *Cairo *Ad Dakhilah… …   Wikipedia

  • Sharm el-Sheikh — Not to be confused with the settlement Sharm in Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Sharm el Sheikh شرم الشيخ Sharm al Shaykh Nickname(s): The City of …   Wikipedia

  • Akhmim — أخميم …   Wikipedia

  • Dendera — Coordinates: 26°10′N 32°39′E / 26.167°N 32.65°E / 26.167; 32.65 …   Wikipedia

  • Cleopatra — /klee euh pa treuh, pah , pay /, n. 1. 69 30 B.C., queen of Egypt 51 49, 48 30. 2. a female given name: from Greek words meaning fame and father. * * * in full Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator born 69 died Aug. 30, 30 BC, Alexandria Egyptian queen… …   Universalium

  • Hathor — /hath awr, euhr/, n. Egyptian Relig. the goddess of love and joy, often represented with the head, horns, or ears of a cow. * * * or Athyr In ancient Egyptian religion, the goddess of the sky, of women, and of fertility and love. Her principal… …   Universalium

  • Idfū — ▪ Egypt also called  Edfu, or Behdet,  Egyptian  Djeba,  Greek  Apollinopolis,  Coptic  Atbo,    town on the west bank of the Nile in Aswān muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Upper Egypt.       The chief god of the city of ancient times was Horus of the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.