Dalén, Nils

▪ Swedish physicist
in full  Nils Gustaf Dalén  
born Nov. 30, 1869, Stenstorp, Sweden
died Dec. 9, 1937, Stockholm
 Swedish engineer who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1912 for his invention of the automatic sun valve, or Solventil, which regulates a gaslight source by the action of sunlight, turning it off at dawn and on at dusk or at other periods of darkness. It rapidly came into worldwide use for buoys and unmanned lighthouses.

      In 1906 Dalén became chief engineer of the Gas Accumulator Company, which marketed acetylene gas. He became managing director of the company in 1909 and then invented Agamassan, a substance that absorbs acetylene, making it possible to concentrate the gas with no danger of explosion. He was blinded by an explosion during an experiment in 1913, but he continued experimental work until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dalen, Nils Gustav — SUBJECT AREA: Domestic appliances and interiors, Electricity, Ports and shipping [br] b. 30 November 1869 Stenstorp, Sweden d. 9 December 1937 Stockholm, Sweden [br] Swedish physicist and engineer who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his sun valve …   Biographical history of technology

  • Dalén , Nils Gustaf — (1869–1937) Swedish engineer Born in Stenstorp, Sweden, Dalén graduated in mechanical engineering in 1896 from the Chalmers Institute at Göteborg and then spent a year at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology at Zürich. For several years he… …   Scientists

  • Dalén, Nils Gustav — ► (1869 1937) Ingeniero y físico sueco. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1912, por sus investigaciones sobre dinámica de los gases a elevada temperatura …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nils Dalén — Nils Gustaf Dalén Nils Gustaf Dalén (* 30. November 1869 in Stenstorp; † 9. Dezember 1937 in Lidingö (Stockholms län)) war ein schwedischer Ingenieur. Er erhielt 1912 den Nobelpreis für Physik „für seine Erfindung s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nils Gustaf Dalén — (* 30. November 1869 in Stenstorp; † 9. Dezember 1937 in Lidingö (Stockholms län)) war ein schwedischer Ingenieur. Er erhielt 1912 den Nobelpreis für Physik „für seine Erfindung s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dalén — Nils Gustaf Dalén Nils Gustaf Dalén (* 30. November 1869 in Stenstorp; † 9. Dezember 1937 in Lidingö (Stockholms län)) war ein schwedischer Ingenieur. Er erhielt 1912 den Nobelpreis für Physik „für seine Erfindung s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nils Gustaf Dalén — Nacimiento 1869 Stenstorp, Suecia Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dalén — Dalén, Nils Gustav …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nils Gustaf Dalén — Gustaf Dalén Nils Gustaf Dalén (né le 30 novembre 1869 à Stenstorp mort le 9 décembre 1937 à Stockholm) est un inventeur suédois et le fondateur de l entreprise AGA. Il a reçu le prix Nobel de physique en 1912 pour son travail …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nils — Nils, auch Niels, ist ein skandinavischer männlicher Vorname für den Namen Nikolaus bzw. den engl. Namen Nicholas oder den franz. Namen Nicolas. Nils hat seine Herkunft im schwedischen Sprachraum. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Namenstag 2 Kurzform von 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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