Dale, Sir Henry

▪ British physiologist
in full  Sir Henry Hallett Dale 
born June 9, 1875, London, Eng.
died July 23, 1968, Cambridge
 English physiologist who in 1936 shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with the German pharmacologist Otto Loewi (Loewi, Otto) for their discoveries in the chemical transmission of nerve impulses.

      After receiving his bachelor's degree (1903) from the University of Cambridge, Dale began his research career in 1904 at the Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories. In 1909 he completed his medical degree (M.D.) at Cambridge and in 1914 joined the staff of what later became the Medical Research Council. From 1928 to 1942 he was director of its subsidiary organization, the National Institute for Medical Research.

      Dale identified the compound histamine in animal tissues (1911) and determined that the chemical's physiological effects, which include dilation of blood vessels and contraction of smooth muscles, were very similar to the symptoms of some allergic (immune system disorder) and anaphylactic (anaphylaxis) reactions. After successfully isolating acetylcholine in 1914, he established that it occurs in animal tissue, and in the 1930s he showed that it is released at nerve endings. His research established acetylcholine's role as a chemical transmitter of nerve impulses.

      Dale served as president of the Royal Society and was chairman (during World War II) of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet. He played a key role in establishing international standards for active biological substances such as hormones, antitoxins, and vaccines. Dale was knighted in 1932 and awarded the Order of Merit in 1944.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dale , Sir Henry Hallett — (1875–1968) British physiologist Educated at Cambridge University and St. Bartholomew s Hospital in his native city of London, Dale became, in 1904, director of the Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories. His work there over the next ten… …   Scientists

  • Dale, sir Henry Hallett — ► (1875 1968) Fisiólogo británico. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1936, compartido con Otto Loewi, por sus trabajos sobre el mecanismo químico de las transmisiones nerviosas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henry Hallett Dale — Born 9 June 1875(1875 06 09) London, England Died 23 July 1968(1968 07 23) …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Dale — Henry Hallett Dale Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dale. Sir Henry Hallett Dale, (9 juin 1875 23 juillet 1968) était un neuroscientifique britannique, prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine avec Otto Loewi en 1936 pour leurs travaux sur le rôle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Hallett Dale — Sir Henry Hallett Dale, OM, GBE (* 9. Juni 1875 in London; † 23. Juli 1968 in New York) war ein britischer Biochemiker. Dale studierte Physiologie und Zoologie an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Dale — Henry Hallett Dale Sir Henry Hallett Dale OM, GBE (* 9. Juni 1875 in London; † 23. Juli 1968 in New York) war ein britischer Biochemiker. Dale studierte Physiologie u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry H. Dale — Henry Hallett Dale Sir Henry Hallett Dale OM, GBE (* 9. Juni 1875 in London; † 23. Juli 1968 in New York) war ein britischer Biochemiker. Dale studierte Physiologie u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dale — Dale, sir Henry Hallett * * * (as used in expressions) Carnegie, Dale Dale Carnegey Earnhardt, (Ralph) Dale Owen, Robert Dale Tubb, Ernest (Dale) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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