Cugnot, Nicolas-Joseph

▪ French engineer
born Sept. 25, 1725, Poid, Fr.
died Oct. 2, 1804, Paris

      French military engineer who designed and built the world's first true automobile, a huge, heavy, steam-powered tricycle.

      After serving in the Austro-Hungarian army in the Seven Years' War, Cugnot returned to Paris in 1763 to devote his time to writing military treatises and tinkering with a number of inventions he had conceived while campaigning. He built two steam-propelled tractors for hauling artillery, the first in 1769, the second in 1770. The second alone survived and is preserved in the National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, Paris. This vehicleʾs two-piston steam engine was designed independently of Thomas Newcomen and James Watt and was based directly on the theoretical descriptions of the French physicist Denis Papin. The engine in it was the first to employ high-pressure steam expansively without condensation. The carriage was tricycle-mounted, with the single front wheel performing both steering and driving functions. The problems of water supply and maintaining pressure severely handicapped the vehicle, which nevertheless proved the feasibility of steam-powered traction.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cugnot, Nicolas Joseph — SUBJECT AREA: Land transport [br] b. 26 February 1725 Void, Meuse, France d. 2 October 1804 Paris, France [br] French military engineer. [br] Cugnot studied military engineering in Germany and returned to Paris by 1769, having left the service of …   Biographical history of technology

  • Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot — Born 26 February 1725 Void Vacon, Lorraine Died 2 October 1804 Nationality French Work Significant projects …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot — Automóvil de vapor de Cugnot. Grabado del siglo XIX. Fardier à vap …   Wikipedia Español

  • CUGNOT (N. J.) — CUGNOT NICOLAS JOSEPH (1725 1804) La première réalisation d’un véhicule terrestre à vapeur (un tracteur pour le transport des canons) revient à l’ingénieur militaire français Nicolas Joseph Cugnot, né à Void en Lorraine. Le projet ayant été… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cugnot — (Nicolas Joseph) (1725 1804) inventeur français d un véhicule à vapeur qui transportait des charges, le fardier (1771) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Joseph Cugnot — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (26 de febrero de 1725 2 de octubre de 1804) fue un inventor francés a quien el gobierno francés atribuye la invención del primer vehículo autopropulsado o automóvil.[1] Esta reclamación está… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph Cugnot — Nicolas Joseph Cugnot est un ingénieur militaire français, né à Void Vacon, Meuse, le 26 février 1725, mort à Paris le 7 octobre 1804[1], connu pour avoir conçu et réalisé, entre 1769 et 1771, le premier véhicule automobile… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cugnot — (spr. Künjoh), Nicolas Joseph, geb. 1725 zu Void in Lothringen, diente unter Prinz Karl in den Niederlanden als Ingenieur, wurde 1763 Lehrer der Kriegswissenschaften in Paris, wanderte nach Brüssel aus, erhielt nach seiner Rückkehr eine Pension u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cugnot —   [ky ɲo], Nicolas Joseph, * Void (heute Void Vacon, Département Meuse) 25. 2. 1725, ✝ Paris 10. 10. 1804; zuerst Ingenieuroffizier; schrieb u. a. über den Festungsbau; baute 1765 und 1770 die ersten mit Dampfkraft betriebenen Wagen, die aber… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Joseph Cugnot — Fardier von Nicholas Cugnot Dampfwagen von Nicholas Cugnot beim berühmten Zusammenstoß mit der Kasernenmauer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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