Cros, Charles

▪ French inventor and poet
born Oct. 1, 1842, Fabrezan, Fr.
died Aug. 10, 1888, Paris

      French inventor and poet whose work in several fields foreshadowed or paralleled important developments.

      In 1869 Cros published a theory of three-colour photography similar to the more influential ideas advanced by Louis Ducos du Hauron in the same year. In his book Études sur les moyens de communication avec les planètes (1869; “Studies on the Means of Communication with the Planets”), he projected a huge concave mirror with focal length equal to the distance of Mars or Venus from the Earth. Sunlight concentrated by the mirror would fuse the planetary surface in geometric patterns that would presumably be intelligible to higher forms of life anywhere in the universe. Cros invented a phonograph (paléophone) in 1877, the year in which Thomas A. Edison of the United States made his first recording.

      Cros's most important poetical work, Le Coffret de santal (1873; “The Sandalwood Chest”), in the Symbolist vein, was praised by Paul Verlaine and may have influenced Arthur Rimbaud as well as 20th-century French Symbolists. An anthology of his Poèmes et proses, edited by Henri Parisot, appeared in 1944.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cros, Charles — SUBJECT AREA: Photography, film and optics [br] b. 1842 France d. 1888 [br] French doctor, painter and man of letters who pioneered research into colour photography. [br] A man of considerable intellect, Cros occupied himself with studies of… …   Biographical history of technology

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  • Charles Cros — (* 1. Oktober 1842 in Fabrezan, Département Aude; † 9. August 1888 in Paris) war ein französischer Dichter und Erfinder. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • CROS (C.) — CROS CHARLES (1842 1888) Personnage hors du commun, autodidacte de génie qui fut également attiré par la littérature et par la science. Descendant d’une lignée de professeurs, né à Fabrezan (Aude), Charles Cros fait ses études sous la direction… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cros — (Charles) (1842 1888) poète et inventeur français. Il a défini en 1876, avant Edison, le principe du phonographe (paléophone). Poésie: le Coffret de santal (1873) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles Cros — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cros. Charles Cros Activités Poète et inventeur Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles-Antoine Cros — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cros. Charles Antoine Cros est un écrivain français né à Clamart le 21 décembre 1998. Il publie sa première œuvre à 9 ans. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cros — ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Gemeinden in Frankreich: Cros (Gard), Gemeinde im Département Gard Cros (Puy de Dôme), Gemeinde im Département Puy de Dôme mit Namenszusatz: Cros de Géorand (Ardèche), Gemeinde im Département Ardèche Cros de Montvert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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