Cookworthy, William

▪ English porcelain manufacturer
born April 12, 1705, Kingsbridge, Devonshire, Eng.
died Oct. 17, 1780, Plymouth, Devonshire

      china manufacturer who first produced an English true hard-paste porcelain similar to that of the Chinese and Germans.

      Cookworthy was apprenticed at 14 to a London apothecary, who later set him up in a business, Bevans and Cookworthy, at Plymouth. He became interested in china manufacture about 1745, when he was visited by the American china maker Andrew Duché of Georgia. The first soft-paste (artificial) porcelain factories were established about this time. A few years later he discovered the only English source of china clay ( kaolin) and china stone (petuntse) at St. Austell in Cornwall. After many years of experiment with these materials, he finally learned the secret of hard porcelain, obtained a patent (1768), and established the Plymouth (Plymouth porcelain) China factory.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cookworthy, William — SUBJECT AREA: Domestic appliances and interiors [br] b. 1705 Kings bridge, Devon, England d. 16 October 1780 Plymouth, England [br] English pioneer of porcelain manufacture in England. [br] The family fortunes having been extinguished by the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • William Cookworthy — (* 12. April 1705 in Kingsbridge, Devon, England; † 17. Oktober 1780 in Plymouth) war ein englischer Apotheker, Chemiker und Erfinder. Er gilt als Pionier sowohl der Kaolin Industrie in Cornwall und Devon als auch der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Cookworthy — Infobox Scientist name = William Cookworthy box width = image width =150px caption = William Cookworthy birth date = 12 April, 1705 birth place = Kingsbridge, Devon death date = 17 October, 1780 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality …   Wikipedia

  • pottery — /pot euh ree/, n., pl. potteries. 1. ceramic ware, esp. earthenware and stoneware. 2. the art or business of a potter; ceramics. 3. a place where earthen pots or vessels are made. [1475 85; POTTER1 + Y3] * * * I One of the oldest and most… …   Universalium

  • List of people from Plymouth — People from the English city of Plymouth are known as Plymothians or less formally as Janners.[1] The definition of Janner is described as a person from Devon, deriving from Cousin Jan (the Devon form of John), but more particularly in naval… …   Wikipedia

  • Bristol ware — ▪ porcelain  hard paste porcelain products of the Coxside porcelain manufactory that were produced between 1768 and 1781.       The Coxside porcelain concern, the first factory to manufacture hard paste porcelain in England, was started in… …   Universalium

  • Plymouth porcelain — ▪ pottery       first hard paste, or true, porcelain made in England, produced at a factory in Plymouth, Devon, from 1768 to 1770. Formulated by a chemist, William Cookworthy (Cookworthy, William), it is distinguishable from the Bristol porcelain …   Universalium

  • Domestic appliances and interiors — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Argand, François Pierre Amis Ashley, Howard Matravers Belling, Charles Reginald Blanchard, Helen Augusta Booth, Hubert Cecil Böttger, Johann Friedrich …   Biographical history of technology

  • Plymouth porcelain — was a hard paste porcelain made in the English county of Devon in the 18th century [See Cookworthy s Plymouth and Bristol Porcelain by F.Severne Mackenna(1947) published by F.Lewis and William Cookworthy 1705 1780: a study of the pioneer of true… …   Wikipedia

  • Bristol blue glass — has been made in Bristol, England since the 17th century. History During the late 1700s Richard Champion, a Bristol merchant and potter, making porcelain, was working with a chemist, William Cookworthy. [cite web… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.