Conté, Nicolas-Jacques

▪ French inventor
born Aug. 4, 1755, Aunou-sur-Orne, near Sées, Fr.
died Dec. 6, 1805, Paris
 French mechanical genius who developed the method on which the manufacture of modern pencils (pencil) is based.

      At 14 he took up portrait painting, from which he derived a considerable income. Passionately interested in mechanical arts and science, he began displaying his inventive faculty during the French Revolution. With the supply of plumbago (a native English graphite) cut off by war, Conté devised a mixture of clay and graphite used to this day in pencils.

      Napoleon called upon him to serve as chief of the balloon corps in the Egyptian expedition (1798). When most of the French instruments and munitions were lost after the Battle of Aboukir (July 1799) and the revolt of Cairo, Conté immediately put his inventive genius to work, improvising tools and machines to supply bread, cloth, arms and munitions, exact tools for engineers, and operating instruments for surgeons. He seemed able to invent anything required—to design, build models, and organize and supervise the manufacturing process. On his return to France (1802), he was commissioned to publish a voluminous work on Egypt. He invented an engraving machine to shorten the task, which, however, he did not live to see finished.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CONTE, NICOLAS JACQUES —    a French painter; distinguished for his mechanical genius, which was of great avail to the French army in Egypt (1755 1805) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Nicolas-Jacques Conte — Nicolas Jacques Conté Pour les articles homonymes, voir Conté. Nicolas Jacques Conté …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas-Jacques Conté — Nicolas Jacques Conté, between 1780 and 1800. Born August 4, 1755(1755 08 04) Died 6 December 1805 …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolas-Jacques Conté — Nicolas Jacques Conté, between 1780 and 1800. Nacimiento 4 de agosto de 1755 Aunou sur Orne …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicolas-Jacques Conte — Nicolas Jacques Conté. Nicolas Jacques Conté (* 4. August 1755 in Saint Céneri près Sées, heute Aunou sur Orne (Normandie); † 6. Dezember 1805 in Paris) war ein französischer Chemiker, Maler und Erfinder. Conté gilt als Miterfinder des modernen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolas-Jacques Conté — Nicolas Jacques Conté. Nicolas Jacques Conté (* 4. August 1755 in Saint Céneri près Sées, heute Aunou sur Orne (Normandie); † 6. Dezember 1805 in Paris) war ein französischer Chemiker, Maler und Erfinder. Conté gilt als Miterfinder des modernen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolas-Jacques Conté — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Conté. Nicolas Jacques Conté Nicolas Jacques Conté. Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas-Jacques Conte — n. N. J. Conte (1755 1805), French chemist, inventor of the modern pencil and the Conte crayon …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Conté — Conte beziehungsweise Conté bezeichnet: einen italienischen Adelstitel, entspricht dem deutschen Grafen, Conte (Jura), Gemeinde im französischen Département Jura Conté (Bleistifte), eine Bleistiftsorte Conte Verlag, Verlag für Belletristik und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • conté crayon — ▪ art French  crayon conté        drawing pencil named after Nicolas Jacques Conté (Conté, Nicolas Jacques), the French scientist who invented it late in the 18th century. The conté crayon is an especially hard pencil, made of an admixture of… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.