Conant, James B.

▪ American educator and scientist
in full  James Bryant Conant  
born March 26, 1893, Dorchester, Mass., U.S.
died Feb. 11, 1978, Hanover, N.H.
 American educator and scientist, president of Harvard University, and U.S. high commissioner for western Germany following World War II.

      Conant received his A.B. and Ph.D. (1916) degrees from Harvard and, after spending a year in the research division of the chemical warfare service during World War I, returned to Harvard as instructor in chemistry. He won recognition as a brilliant research chemist, becoming department chairman by the age of 38. He specialized in research into free radicals, the chemical structure of chlorophyll, and the quantitative study of organic reactions.

      In 1933 Conant was elected president of Harvard. As president he led the university toward a broadening of the social and geographic makeup of the student bodies of the undergraduate college and the professional schools. An advocate of aid to the Allies as early as the late 1930s, Conant became a central figure in organizing American science for World War II, including the development of the atomic bomb. After the war he served as a senior adviser to the National Science Foundation and to the Atomic Energy Commission. In 1953 he was appointed U.S. high commissioner for western Germany and in 1955 ambassador. He became known as a defender of the democratic spirit in the new Germany. Returning to the United States in 1957, he took up an earlier interest in public education and conducted studies of the comprehensive high school and the junior high school.

      Conant's publications include two textbooks, Practical Chemistry, written with N.H. Black (1920), and Chemistry of Organic Compounds (1933). He was particularly successful in writing about science for the nonscientifically trained person, as in On Understanding Science (1947). Among his books on educational policy are Education and Liberty (1953), The American High School Today (1959), Slums and Suburbs (1961), and The Education of American Teachers (1963). His autobiography, My Several Lives, was published in 1970.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Conant, James B(ryant) — born March 26, 1893, Dorchester, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 11, 1978, Hanover, N.H. U.S. educator and scientist, president of Harvard University (1933–53). Conant received a Ph.D. (1916) from Harvard and taught chemistry there until he was elected its …   Universalium

  • Conant, James B(ryant) — (26 mar. 1893, Dorchester, Mass., EE.UU.–11 feb. 1978, Hanover, N.H.). Educador y científico estadounidense, presidente de la Universidad de Harvard (1933–53). Conant obtuvo un Ph.D. (1916) en Harvard donde posteriormente dictó clases de química… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Conant,James Bryant — Co·nant (kōʹnənt), James Bryant. 1893 1978. American educator who was president of Harvard University (1933 1953) and served as ambassador to West Germany (1955 1957). * * * …   Universalium

  • James Bryant Conant — (March 26, 1893 ndash; February 11, 1978) was a chemist, educational administrator, and government official. He was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1893 and graduated from the Roxbury Latin School in West Roxbury in 1910. He went on to study …   Wikipedia

  • James Bryant Conant — (26 de marzo de 1893 – 11 de febrero de 1978) fue un químico, administrador escolar y funcionario público estadounidense. Como presidente de la Universidad de Harvard promovió reformas que llevaron a esa casa de …   Wikipedia Español

  • James B. Conant — James Bryant Conant James Bryant Conant (né le 26 mars 1893; mort le 11 février 1978), était un chimiste, Biographie James Conant est né à Dorchester dans le Massachusetts en 1893. Il obtint un diplôme de la Roxbury Latin School à West Roxbury,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Conant — James F. Conant James Ferguson Conant est un philosophe américain. Né le 10 juin 1958 à Kyoto de parents américains, il enseigne actuellement à l Université de Chicago. Il est le petit fils de l ancien président de l Université d Harvard, James… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James B. Conant — James Bryant Conant (* 26. März 1893 in Dorchester, Massachusetts, USA; † 11. Februar 1978 in Hanover, New Hampshire), war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker, Wissenschaftspolitiker und Diplomat. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Publikationen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Conant — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: James Conant (James Ferguson Conant; * 1958), US amerikanischer Philosoph James Bryant Conant (1893–1978), US amerikanischer Chemiker und Diplomat Kenneth John Conant (1894 1984), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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