Clactonian industry

      early flake-tool (flake tool) tradition of Europe. Rather primitive tools were made by striking flakes from a flint core in alternating directions; used cores were later used as choppers. Flakes were trimmed and used as scrapers or knives. A kind of concave scraper, perhaps used to smooth and shape wooden spears, is typical of the Clactonian industry.

      Clactonian tools are similar in appearance to those produced in the Soan industry of Pakistan and in several sites in eastern and southern Africa. The industry dates from the early part of the Mindel-Riss, or Great, Interglacial stage (a major division of the Pleistocene epoch, which occurred from 1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago) and is best known in England from the site of Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, and the Thames River at Swanscombe, Kent. At the latter site the Clactonian industry underlies a well-developed (Middle) Acheulian industry. The significance of the distinctive nature of the Clactonian industry still is not fully understood. The Tayacian industry of France and Israel is believed to be a smaller edition of the Clactonian.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clactonian — The Stone Age This box: view · talk · edit ↑ before Homo (Pliocen …   Wikipedia

  • Acheulean industry — Stone tool industry of the Lower Paleolithic Period characterized by bifacial stone tools with round cutting edges and typified especially by an almond shaped (amygdaloid) flint hand ax measuring 8–10 in. (20–25 cm) in length and flaked over its… …   Universalium

  • Mousterian industry — Tool culture traditionally associated with the Neanderthals in Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa during the early fourth (Würm) glacial period (с 40,000 BC). The Mousterian tool assemblage included small hand axes made from disk shaped… …   Universalium

  • Tayacian industry —       primitive flake tool tradition of France and Israel, believed to be essentially a smaller edition of the Clactonian industry (q.v.). * * * …   Universalium

  • Stone Age — the period in the history of humankind, preceding the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, and marked by the use of stone implements and weapons: subdivided into the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic periods. [1860 65] * * * First known period of… …   Universalium

  • Clacton-on-Sea — Clacton redirects here. For other uses, see Clacton (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°47′30″N 1°08′45″E / 51.7918°N 1.1457°E / …   Wikipedia

  • Clactoniense — El Clactoniense es una facies industrial del Paleolítico Inferior descrita por Henri Breuil en 1932 a partir de materiales del lugar epónimo de Clacton on Sea (Essex, Inglaterra).[1] Aunque es contemporáneo del Achelense y comparte sus mismos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paleolithic Period — or Old Stone Age Ancient technological or cultural stage characterized by the use of rudimentary chipped stone tools. During the Lower Paleolithic (с 2,500,000–200,000 years ago), simple pebble tools and crude stone choppers were made by the… …   Universalium

  • Acheulean — (also spelled Acheulian, pron en|əˈʃuːliən) is the name given to an archaeological industry of stone tool manufacture associated with prehistoric hominins during the Lower Palaeolithic era across Africa and much of West Asia and Europe. Acheulean …   Wikipedia

  • Constantin S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor — or Nicolaescu Plopşor (Romanian pronunciation: [konstanˈtin nikoləˈesku plopˈʃor]; April 20, 1900 – May 30, 1968) was a Romanian historian, archeologist, anthropologist and ethnographer, also known as a and folkorist and children s writer,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.