civic centre

 grouping of municipal facilities into a limited precinct often adjacent to the central business district. In smaller cities the civic centre is sometimes combined with the cultural centre. The civic centre has its ultimate base in the Hellenistic concept of an acropolis and in the Roman idea of a forum. As municipal functions grew in scope and personnel, the idea of a central location and arrangement became popular.

      The site of a civic centre can be effectively located at the population centre, geographic centre, or the business centre of the locality. Of necessity, some municipal functions such as police, fire, and welfare agencies must be placed in each neighbourhood of the city or town. The headquarters for these services, however, are often located in the civic centre.

      The size of the city served determines the range and number of the municipal services required, which, in turn, determine the size of the site. The program for a small civic centre includes a city hall, headquarters for police, fire, and welfare departments, courtrooms, post office, and possibly the central library. A large city will require public utility offices, public health facilities, and office space for county, state, and national government functions as well. It is also desirable to include parkland or at least open space in the plan. Toronto has an architecturally and spatially well-planned civic centre. One unfortunate aspect of this kind of inner urban planning is that the cities that have the means to build a civic centre frequently lack the necessary space, and cities that have enough space often lack the proper funds.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • civic centre — UK US UK (US civic center) noun [C] ► a large building or group of buildings used for entertainment, social, and business events: »There isn t a civic centre; there s nowhere for people to congregate or get married or have church events. →… …   Financial and business terms

  • civic centre — BrE civic center AmE n 1.) BrE an area in a city where all the public buildings are 2.) AmE a large public building where events such as sports games and concerts are held …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • civic centre — noun count BRITISH the building in a town or city where its government is based …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • civic centre — ► NOUN 1) the area of a town where municipal offices are situated. 2) a building containing municipal offices …   English terms dictionary

  • civic centre — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms civic centre : singular civic centre plural civic centres British the building in a town or city where its government is based …   English dictionary

  • civic centre — /sɪvɪk ˈsɛntə/ (say sivik sentuh) noun the part of a town or city where municipal or civic authorities and public recreational facilities are grouped …   Australian English dictionary

  • civic centre — noun 1》 Brit. a building containing municipal offices. 2》 N. Amer. a large public building or complex for meetings, sport, etc …   English new terms dictionary

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