▪ ancient city, Cyrpus
Greek  Kition,  

      principal Phoenician city in Cyprus, situated on the southeast coast near modern Larnaca. The earliest remains at Citium are those of an Aegean colony of the Mycenaean Age (c. 1400–1100 BC). The biblical name Kittim, representing Citium, was also used for Cyprus as a whole. A Phoenician dedication to the god “Baal of Lebanon,” found at Citium, suggests that the city may have belonged to Tyre; and an official monument of the Assyrian (Assyria) king Sargon II indicates that Citium was the administrative centre of Cyprus during the Assyrian protectorate (709–c. 668 BC). During the Greek revolts of 499, 386 and following years, and 353 BC, Citium led the side loyal to Persia. It remained an important city even after Alexander the Great conquered Persia. Citium suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, however, and in medieval times its harbour became silted and the population moved to Larnaca.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Citium — (Kition en grec) est une cité de la côte sud est de l île de Chypre, actuellement Larnaka. Malgré son importance durant l Antiquité, elle demeure assez mal connue, en partie parce que l actuelle Larnaca a été bâtie sur le site exact de l ancienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Citium — bezeichnet: in der Antike die Stadt Larnaka auf Zypern eine antike Stadt in Makedonien, möglicherweise das heutige Bottia Citium (Titularbistum), ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche Diese Seite ist eine Begrif …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Citĭum — (a. Geogr.), so v. w. Kition …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Citĭum — Citĭum, Stadt auf Cypern, s. Kition …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Citium — Citĭum, Stadt auf Cypern, s. Kition …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • CITIUM — Cypri insul. oppid. Plin. l. 5. c. 31. adhuc Chite dictum, nunc pagus: Cetium Straboni. Item urbs Misiniae, Ceitz vulgo dicta …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Citium (Titularbistum) — Citium (ital.: Cizio) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen früheren Bischofssitz in der Stadt Kition (später Larnaka) auf Zypern. Das Bistum gehörte der Kirchenprovinz Salamis an. Titularbischöfe von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zeno of Citium — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = Ancient philosophy color = #B0C4DE image size = 200px image caption = Zeno of Citium name = Zeno of Citium birth = c. 334 BC, Citium, Cyprus death = c. 262 BC, Athens school tradition =… …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Citium — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Siege of Citium partof=Greco Persian Wars caption= date=450 BC place=Citium, Cyprus territory=Persia maintains control over Cyprus. result=Persian victory, Delian League siege fails. combatant1=Delian League,… …   Wikipedia

  • Zenon de Citium — Zénon de Kition Pour les articles homonymes, voir Zénon. Zénon de Citium, (en grec Ζήνων Zenôn), né à Citium (Chypre) v. 335, mort à Athènes v. 262/ 261, philosophe, fondateur en 301 du stoïcisme, l école du Portique en grec stoa signifie… …   Wikipédia en Français

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