Cis-Sutlej states

▪ historical principalities, India
      Indian principalities, mostly Sikh, that became important in the early 19th century when their fate was in the balance between the British on the one hand and Ranjit Singh of the Sikhs on the other. They were called Cis- (Latin: “On This Side [of]”) Sutlej by the British because they were on the British, or southern, side of the Sutlej River. They had grown up during “the time of troubles” in the Punjab after the collapse of Mughal authority and the withdrawal of the Afghan chief, Aḥmad Shah Durrānī (Aḥmad Shāh Durrānī), in 1761.

      Under the threat of absorption into Ranjit Singh's kingdom, they appealed to the British, who established dominance over them by the Treaty of Amritsar (Amritsar, Treaty of) with Ranjit Singh (1809). After 1846 there were nine states, later reduced to six, with full powers; Patiala, 5,412 square miles (14,017 square km) in area with up to two million inhabitants at the time of its absorption, was the foremost. The states survived until the independence of India (1947), at which time they were organized into the Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). They subsequently were absorbed into the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana (Haryāna).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cis-Sutlej states — The Cis Sutlej states were a group of Sikh states in modern Punjab and Haryana states of northwestern India, lying between the Sutlej River on the north, the Himalayas on the east, the Yamuna River and Delhi District on the south, and Sirsa… …   Wikipedia

  • Phulkian Sardars Sidhu-Brar bans — Eponym = The Phoolka family had descended from the celebrated Phool, their eponym, from whom descended the rulers of Patiala , Jind , Nabha as well as the Chiefs of Bhadaur, Malaudh and Badrukhan and the Sardars of Juindan, Laudhgarh, Dyalpura,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ludhiana — This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Ludhiana district. For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. Ludhiana   city   …   Wikipedia

  • Company rule in India — For usage, see British Empire in India Company rule in India Colony of the East India Company ↓ …   Wikipedia

  • Chandela — Krishna Chandravanshi lineage The Chandela is a Rajput clan found in North India. A section of the Chandelas ruled much of the Bundelkhand region of central India for long periods between the 10th and the 13th centuries AD.[1] The Chandela… …   Wikipedia

  • Ludhiana district — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction type = district native name = Ludhiana district hq = Ludhiana area total = 3767 area magnitude = 9 latd = 30 latm = 53 longd = 75 longm = 51 locator position = left state name = Punjab population total = 3030352… …   Wikipedia

  • Amritsar, Treaty of — ▪ United Kingdom India [1809]       (April 25, 1809), pact concluded between Charles T. Metcalfe (Metcalfe (of Fern Hill), Charles T(heophilus) Metcalfe, Baron, 2nd Baronet), representing the British East India Company, and Ranjit Singh, head of… …   Universalium

  • Index of India-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to India or Indian culture include: List of India related topics Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z People are listed by their first names …   Wikipedia

  • List of India-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to India or Indian culture include: NOTOC List of India related topics People are listed by their first names. 1231 SGM 3 STR 2002 Gujarat violence 2005 in India ( previous years ) 2004 Indian Ocean… …   Wikipedia

  • Herbert Benjamin Edwardes — Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes DCL KCSI KCB (November 12, 1819 ndash;December 23, 1868), English soldier statesman in India, was born at Frodesley in Shropshire.His father was Benjamin Edwardes, rector of Frodesley, and his grandfather Sir John… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.