town (“parish”), Cotswold district, administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, England, on the River Churn. Cirencester occupies the site of the Romano-British Corinium, capital city of the Dobuni tribe, at the junction of the important Roman and British roads known as Fosse Way, Ermine Street, and Akeman Street.

      The walls enclosed a town of 240 acres (100 hectares); and remains of a basilica, an amphitheatre, and many rich villas have been discovered. The town was the largest in Roman Britain after London and was probably a capital in the 4th century. The Corinium Museum houses a Roman collection. Saxons captured the town in 577, and it later became a royal demesne. Henry II (1154–89) leased the manor to the abbot of a local Augustinian foundation, who obtained charters for what became famous wool fairs in 1215 and 1253. The abbey was destroyed at the dissolution of the monasteries (1536–39) under Henry VIII, and an Elizabethan mansion was built on its site; the grounds are now a public park. A grammar school was founded in 1461; there is also the Royal Agricultural College. The parish church, although Norman in origin, is mainly in Perpendicular style. Cirencester today is primarily an agricultural and tourist centre. Pop. (2001) 23,493.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cirencester — …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cirencester — Géolocalisation sur la carte : Royaume Uni …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cirencester —   [ saɪərənsestə], Marktstadt in der County Gloucestershire, Südwestengland, am Ostrand der Cotswold Hills, 15 600 Einwohner; landwirtschaftliche Hochschule (gegründet 1845); Fremdenverkehr.   Stadtbild:   Die spätgotische Pfarrkirche Saint John… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cirencester — (spr. Sisseter), 1) Flecken am Churn in der englischen Grafschaft Gloucester; 3 Hospitäler u. andere wohlthätige Anstalten, Fertigung von Töpfen, Leder, Tuch, Teppichen, Eisenwaaren (Messer); Reste eines römischen Amphitheaters; 6100 Ew. C. ist… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cirencester — (spr. ßißister oder ßißiter), Stadt in Gloucestershire (England), in den Cotswoldhügeln, am Churn (Quellfluß der Themse) und dem Themse Severn Kanal, hat eine gotische Kirche aus dem 15. Jahrh. (St. John s), ein Altertumsmuseum, Messerfabrikation …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cirencester — (spr. ßißĭßt r oder ßĭßĭt r), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Gloucester, am Churn, (1901) 7536 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cirencester — Coordinates: 51°43′08″N 1°58′05″W / 51.719°N 1.968°W / 51.719; 1.968 …   Wikipedia

  • Cirencester — 51.713888888889 1.9663888888889 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cirencester — Original name in latin Cirencester Name in other language Chirenchester, Cicester, Cirenceaster, Cirencester, Ciricestria, Sajrunsestur, saileonseseuteo, Сайрънсестър, Чиренчестер State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.71708… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Cirencester Town railway station — Cirencester Town Remaining station frontage in 2006. Location Place Cirencester …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.