Chuquicamata

▪ mining centre, Chile
 mining and smelting centre, northern Chile. It lies near Calama at 9,350 feet (2,850 m) above sea level and is the largest open-pit mine in the world. Large-scale operations started in 1915. Tapping one of the world's largest-known copper deposits, it produces more than one-fourth of the nation's copper, which is carried by rail to Antofagasta, 140 miles (225 km) southwest, for export. Flotation and smelting facilities were installed in 1952; and expansion of the refining facilities in 1968 made 500,000-ton annual copper production possible in the late 1970s. Ores at nearby La Exótica are also mined. The controlling interest in these mines passed from foreign to Chilean hands in 1969; complete nationalization followed in the early 1970s. Pop. (2002) 10,465.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Chuquicamata — Chuquicamata, ubicada 250 km al noreste de Antofagasta (Chile), es la mina de cobre a cielo abierto más grande del mundo. La empresa Guggenheim Bros, de Estados Unidos, produjo la primera barra de cobre fino el 18 de mayo 1915, a lo que siguió un …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chuquicamata — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chuquicamata — 22.290555555556 68.901944444444 Koordinaten: 22° 17′ 26″ S, 68° 54′ 7″ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • ЧУКИКАМАТА (Chuquicamata) — медное месторождение в Чили (пров. Атакама). Разрабатывается с 1915. По происхождению гидротермальное меднопорфировое с Мо. Общие запасы 92 млн. т Cu со средним содержанием Cu в руде 1,19%. Примеси Mo (0,03%), Re …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

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  • Codelco — Type Government owned Industry Mining Founded (1955) Headquarters …   Wikipedia

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