Chronicles, books of the

also called  (in early Roman Catholic translation into English) Paralipomenon I And Ii,  

      two Old Testament books that were originally part of a larger work that included the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. These three (Ezra and Nehemiah were one book in the Jewish canon) were the final books of the Hebrew Bible. Together they survey Israel's history from Adam to the activity of Ezra and Nehemiah in the period after the Babylonian Exile (6th century BC). The uniformity of language, style, and ideas marks the work as the product of a single author, known as the Chronicler, who probably lived about 350–300 BC.

      The material of the Chronicles lists genealogies from Adam to King Saul (1 Chronicles 1–2) and covers the death of Saul and the reign of King David (1 Chronicles 10–29), the reign of King Solomon (2 Chronicles 1–9), and from the division of the monarchy into the northern and southern kingdoms to the end of the Babylonian Exile (2 Chronicles 10–36).

      The Chronicler used the Old Testament books of Samuel and Kings as sources for his historical account freely modified to accord with the Chronicler's own interests and point of view. Nothing is admitted that would lessen David's glory, but much is added to enhance it. For example, he is given credit (1 Chronicles 22) for making preparations to build the Temple of Jerusalem, though according to 1 Kings 5–7 it was Solomon who planned and built the Temple.

      Solomon is likewise glorified, and unfavourable aspects of his reign (as viewed in 1 Kings 11) are omitted. The Chronicler's single-minded interest in the Temple causes him to omit mention of the palace built during Solomon's reign (1 Kings 7). The history of the divided monarchy is especially noteworthy because the Chronicler excludes almost all material from the books of Kings concerning the northern kingdom of Israel. Obviously, his interest was centred on the southern kingdom of Judah, ruled by the house of David and site of the Temple of Jerusalem.

      The genealogies in 1 Chronicles 1–9 also serve the Chronicler's interests, for they are designed to show that the true Israel came to be realized in the kingdom of David. In the rest of his work the Chronicler also shows that he was interested in institutions that provided for the continuity of the true Israel: the Temple of Jerusalem and the Davidic dynasty. The historian thus uses even genealogies to serve an important function in the presentation of his people's history.

      The writer's concern about the true Israel is not surprising, for the reconstitution of Israel's life after the Babylonian Exile required a redefinition of Israel's identity. This restatement was especially important since the deportation policies of Assyria (for the northern kingdom in 721 BC) and Babylonia (for the southern kingdom in 597 and 586 BC) had introduced alien peoples and religious practices into the Israelite scene. The Chronicler's decision to ignore the northern kingdom almost entirely indicates his bias against the Samaritan community in the north.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BOOKS OF THE CHRONICLES OF THE KINGS OF JUDAH AND ISRAEL — BOOKS OF THE CHRONICLES OF THE KINGS OF JUDAH AND ISRAEL, two sets of royal annals, mentioned in I and II Kings but subsequently lost. The historian of Kings refers to these works as his source, where additional information may be found. These… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader — This article is about the film. For the novel, see The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader Theatrical poster Di …   Wikipedia

  • The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe — For the novel by C.S. Lewis, see The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. For other uses, see The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (disambiguation). The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Theatrical Poster …   Wikipedia

  • Chronicles, books of — A revised version of OT history. The two books of Chronicles (in Hebrew = The Annals, and were probably the work of a community or a guild), intended as an authoritative account of how things were and are and should be, derive their name from a… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Books of the Bible — ▪ Table Books of the Bible Jewish canon Christian canon Protestant canon (Revised Standard Version [RSV]) Roman Catholic canon (Douai Confraternity versions) Torah ( The Law ) Old Testament Genesis Genesis; or, The First Book of Moses The Book of …   Universalium

  • Chronicles, Books of —    The two books were originally one. They bore the title in the Massoretic Hebrew Dibre hayyamim, i.e., Acts of the Days. This title was rendered by Jerome in his Latin version Chronicon, and hence Chronicles. In the Septuagint version the book… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • List of books from the Richard & Judy Book Club — The following is a list of books from the Richard Judy Book Club, which feature on the popular television chat show.2004 *Monica Ali Brick Lane *Martina Cole The Know *William Dalrymple White Mughals *Zoe Heller Notes on a Scandal *David Nicholls …   Wikipedia

  • Soncino Books of the Bible — The Soncino Books of the Bible is a set of Hebrew Bible commentaries, covering the whole Tanakh (Old Testament) in fourteen volumes, published by the Soncino Press. The first volume to appear was Psalms in 1945, and the last was Chronicles in… …   Wikipedia

  • CHRONICLES, BOOK OF — CHRONICLES, BOOK OF, one of the books of the Hagiographa section of the Bible. In the printed Jewish editions of the Bible, it appears last. In Christian Bibles Chronicles follows II Kings and precedes Ezra. book of chronicles contents Book of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • The Martian Chronicles —   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.