Choltitz, Dietrich von

▪ German military officer
born November 9, 1894, Neustadt, Germany [now Prudnik, Poland]
died November 4, 1966, Baden-Baden, West Germany
 German army officer who was the last commander of Nazi-occupied Paris in World War II.

      Choltitz was a professional officer in the German army from 1914. He served in the invasion of Poland in 1939, the invasion of France in 1940, and the siege of Sevastopol (1941–42). After serving as commander of a panzer (armoured) corps on the Eastern Front (1943–44), he was transferred in June 1944 to France, where his corps was ordered to hold the Cotentin Peninsula after the Normandy Invasion. On August 7 Choltitz, having failed to stop the breakout of American forces into Brittany, was appointed military commander of the French capital city of Paris, German control of which was being threatened by the approaching Allied armies. Choltitz's orders, originating with Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf) himself, were to destroy bridges, major buildings, and other key facilities in the city rather than let it fall into Allied hands undamaged. Recognizing the military futility of these orders and repelled by their barbarity, Choltitz instead agreed to a truce with French Resistance forces in the city and handed over Paris unscathed to General Jacques-Philippe Leclerc (Leclerc, Jacques-Philippe) on August 25, 1944.

      Choltitz was held in a prisoner-of-war camp in the United States until 1947, whereupon he returned to Germany. Snubbed by fellow former officers, he wrote a book, Brennt Paris? (1951), in which he defended his disobedience of a leader who, he felt, had gone mad. His book was the principal source for a best-selling popularization, Is Paris Burning? (1965), by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • CHOLTITZ (D. von) — CHOLTITZ DIETRICH VON (1894 1966) Né à Schloss Wiese en Silésie, Dietrich von Choltitz sert comme officier dans l’armée allemande pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. Au cours de la seconde, il se révèle excellent chef de corps, parfaitement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dietrich von Choltitz — (1940) Dietrich von Choltitz (* 9. November 1894 in Wiese Gräflich, Oberschlesien; † 5. November 1966 in Baden Baden) war ein deutscher Offizier, zuletzt G …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Dietrich von Choltitz — en 1940 Dietrich von Choltitz, né le 9 novembre 1894 à Gräflich Wiese[1] (Silésie) et mort le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dietrich von Choltitz — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dietrich von Choltitz Comandante militar alemán de París entre julio de 1944 y agosto de 1944. General alemán que destacó en la invasió …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Choltitz — ist der deutsche Name des Marktfleckens Choltice in der Region Pardubický kraj (Tschechien), siehe Choltice Choltitz ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Dietrich von Choltitz (1894–1966), deutscher General der Infanterie und 1944… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Befreiung von Paris — Schlacht um Paris Teil von: Zweiter Weltkrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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