Chiburdanidze, Maya

▪ Soviet chess player
born January 17, 1961, Kutaisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R.

      women's world chess champion from 1978 to 1991. She won the title at the age of 17 by defeating fellow Georgian Nona Gaprindashvili (Gaprindashvili, Nona).

      Chiburdanidze became an international master in 1978 and an international grandmaster in 1984. Her style of play was solid, but aggressive, and well grounded in classical principles. After successfully defending her title four times, she lost it to Xie Jun of China in 1991. A comeback failed when she lost in the women's candidates final in 1995 to Zsuzsa Polgar (Polgar, Zsuzsa) of Hungary, who went on to defeat Xie Jun.

Additional Reading
John Graham, Women in Chess: Players of the Modern Age (1987), contains short biographies of many of the best female chess players of the 20th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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