Chen Boda

▪ Chinese revolutionist and propagandist
Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'en Po-ta 
born 1904, Hui'an, Fujian province, China
died September 22, 1989, Beijing

      revolutionist and propagandist who became the chief interpreter of the “thought of Mao Zedong” and was briefly one of the five most powerful leaders of modern China. Later he was prosecuted for his role in the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).

      Born into a peasant family, Chen participated in his youth in the Northern Expedition (1926–27) that overthrew local warlords and united the mainland under a single government. He later studied at Sun Yat-sen University in Moscow for about four years. Upon his return to China in 1930, he taught at China College in Beijing, using an alias. During this period he also worked as a Chinese Communist Party underground agent in North China. When war broke out between China and Japan in mid-1937, he went to the Chinese communist headquarters at Yan'an in northwest China to teach in party schools and work in the propaganda department.

      During the war years he served as a political secretary to Mao Zedong and began writing major political tracts. In 1951, with the publication of his essay “Mao Zedong's Theory of the Chinese Revolution Is the Combination of Marxism-Leninism with the Chinese Revolution” and his book Mao Zedong on the Chinese Revolution, he established his claim as the interpreter of Mao's thought. Many of the important articles in the Renmin Ribao (“People's Daily”), the organ of the Central Committee, were drafted by him. In 1958 he became chief editor of the party's major journal, Hongqi (“Red Flag”).

      Although not usually associated with foreign affairs, Chen accompanied Mao to Moscow to participate in negotiations that led to the signing of the 30-year treaty of alliance (February 1950) between China and the U.S.S.R. He became a full member of the Politburo in 1966 and soon established himself as one of the major participants in and beneficiaries of the Cultural Revolution. He was given a position on the ruling organ of the Politburo. Later in 1970, however, during the reaction against excesses of the Cultural Revolution, he was removed from the Politburo and was officially dismissed from the Communist Party in 1983. Chen reappeared in November 1980 to be tried, along with Mao's widow, Jiang Qing, and eight others, for alleged crimes stemming from those excesses; he was sentenced in January 1981 to 18 years in prison but was reported to have been released on bail a short while later for reasons of health.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chen Boda — (chinesisch 陈伯达 Chén Bódá, * 1904 in Hui an in der Provinz Fujian; † 20. September 1989 in Peking) war ein führender Politiker der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas. Er war Privatsekretär Mao Zedongs und einer der Wortführer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CHEN BODA — [TCH’EN PO TA] (1905 1989) Ce futur interprète de la politique de Mao Zedong et cet éminent porte parole du Parti communiste chinois voit le jour à Hui’anxian au Fujian dans une famille de paysans pauvres. Ne pouvant se permettre de poursuivre de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chen Boda — (chinois simplifié : 陈伯达, chinois traditionnel : 陳伯達, pinyin : Chén Pó tá) est né à Hui anxian dans la province du Fujian, et meurt à Pékin en 1989. Cet homme politique chinois est un éminent interprète de la politique de Mao… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chen Boda —   [tʃ ], Ch en Po ta [tʃ ], Tschen Po ta, chinesischer Politiker, * Hui an (Provinz Fujian) 1904, ✝ Peking 20. 9. 1989; schloss sich der KP an. 1937 56 war er politischer Sekretär Mao Zedongs, 1946 71 Mitglied des ZK der KP, 1949 71 Direktor des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chen Boda — Part of the Politics series on Maoism …   Wikipedia

  • Chen (Familienname) — Chen (chinesisch 陳 / 陈 Chén, W. G. Ch ên) ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chen Yi — Le maréchal Chen Yi en 1955 Chén Yì (Chinois simplifié: 陈毅, chinois traditionnel: 陳毅) est né le 26 aout 1901 à Lezhi dans le Sichuan et décédé le 6 juin 1972 à Pékin. Chen Yi mena en parallèle une carrière politique et militaire[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cultural Revolution — This article is about the People s Republic of China. For Iran s Islamic Cultural Revolution, see Iranian Cultural Revolution. Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Cultural Revolution propaganda poster. It depicts Mao Zedong, above a group of… …   Wikipedia

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.