Caupolicán

▪ Araucanian chief
also spelled  Quepolicán  
born 16th century, Palmaiquén, Chile
died 1558, Cañete

      Mapuche chief and a leader of the Indian resistance to the Spanish invaders of Chile.

      With the assistance of Lautaro, another Mapuche, Caupolicán and his men captured the Spaniards' leader, Pedro de Valdivia (Valdivia, Pedro de), after a battle at Tucapel in December 1553. Reportedly, Caupolicán attempted but failed to save Valdivia from torture and execution (January 1554). In April 1557 Lautaro was defeated and executed by an army led by Francisco de Villagrán at Mataquito, leaving Caupolicán in sole command of the Indian resistance. After an initial victory against Villagrán, Caupolicán suffered three disastrous routs at the hands of forces led by Don García Hurtado de Mendoza, losing more than 6,000 men in one of the defeats. Caupolicán retreated to the mountains near Cañete, where he was finally captured by Capt. Alonso de Reinoso and executed in 1558. Although Caupolicán was a man of great skill and valour, his fame rests primarily on the verses dedicated to him by the poet Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga (Ercilla y Zúñiga, Alonso de) in his long poem La Araucana. The poet was with the army of Hurtado de Mendoza and apparently witnessed firsthand the deeds of the Mapuche chief.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caupolicán — (Mapudungun Kallfülikan „blauer Feuerstein“, * in Pilmaiquén; † 1558 in Cañete) war ein Kriegshäuptling der Mapuche im Arauco Krieg, die sich hartnäckig der spanischen Conquista im Süden Chiles widersetzten. Seit seiner Jugend kämpfte Caupolicán… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caupolicán — was a Toqui, the military leader of the Mapuche people of Chile, that commanded their army during the first Mapuche rising against the Spanish conquistadors from 1553 to 1558. Following the successful campaign of conquest by Pedro de Valdivia in… …   Wikipedia

  • Caupolĭcan — Caupolĭcan, Departement in der Provinz Colchagua der südamerikanischen Republik Chile; 50,000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Caupolicán — Caupolicán, Division des bolivian. Depart. Beni, nur bewohnt im südlichen Teil, während der Norden von dichten Wäldern bedeckt ist, hat Goldbergwerke und 24,500 Einw. Hauptort ist Apolobamba …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Caupolicán — Caupolicán. Caudillo mapuche (Palmaiquén, ? Cañete, 1558). Fue elegido toqui (jefe militar) de los mapuches, siendo sucesor de Lautaro, los mapuches fueron un pueblo que resistió estoica y bravamente la conquista española del sur de Chile. Junto… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Caupolicán — «Yo soy Caupolicán, que el hado mío por tierra derrocó mi fundamento, y quien del araucano señorío tiene el mando absoluto y regimiento» Canto XXXIV, La Araucana. Caupolicán (o Quepolicán,[1] literalmente pedernal pulido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Caupolican — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caupolicán el joven — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Artículo principal: Wallmapu Bandera mapuche Caupolicán el Joven de acuerdo a Juan Ignacio Molina fue el hijo del toqui …   Wikipedia Español

  • Caupolicán the younger — was the son of the toqui Caupolicán. He was made toqui following the capture and execution of his father in 1558. He continued the first Mapuche rising against the Spanish conquistadors in 1558 and commaned the Mapuche army in constructing a… …   Wikipedia

  • Caupolicán Peña — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Caupolicán Peña Nacimiento 28 de diciembre de 1933 Victoria, Chile Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.