carte-de-visite

      originally, a calling card, especially one with a photographic portrait mounted on it. Immensely popular in the mid-19th century, the carte-de-visite was touted by the Parisian portrait photographer André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri (Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène), who patented the method in 1854. Disdéri used a four-lensed camera, which made eight 3.5- by 2.5-inch (8.89- by 6.35-cm) negatives on one full-sized plate. The large print made from that plate was cut up into small portraits, which were separately mounted on cards measuring about 4 by 3 inches. These cards were inexpensive relative to other forms of portraiture, as eight different poses could be made at one sitting and the images required no retouching.

      Cartes-de-visite became a fad and were commonly exchanged on birthdays and holidays; the carte-de-visite album became a common feature of Victorian parlours in Europe and the United States. During the American Civil War, Mathew B. Brady (Brady, Mathew B.) and other photographers did a booming business in them in Washington, D.C., and New York City. The fashion for cartes-de-visite peaked in the 1860s. The cartes of celebrities and royalty remain collectors' items.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Carte de visite — Carte de vi*site , pl. {Cartes de visite}. [F.] 1. A visiting card. [1913 Webster] 2. A photographic picture of the size formerly in use for a visiting card. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carte-de-visite — / də vē zētˈ/ noun (pl cartes de visite) 1. A visiting card 2. A small photographic portrait pasted on a card • • • Main Entry: ↑carte …   Useful english dictionary

  • carte de visite — (n.) 1861, French, lit. visiting card (see CARD (Cf. card) (n.)); photograph portrait mounted on a 3.5 by 2.5 inch card …   Etymology dictionary

  • Carte de visite — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carte. Une carte de visite est un document de petit format, généralement en papier fort (kraft, bristol, carton…), qui regroupe et présente de manière ordonnée les coordonnées personnelles (nom, prénom, numéro de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carte de visite — Note: in French, [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carte de visite carte de visite] refers to business card or visiting card.The carte de visite or CDV (also carte de visite) was a type of small photograph which was patented in Paris, France by… …   Wikipedia

  • Carte-de-visite — Als Visitenkartenporträt (auch Visitenkartenfoto, Visit oder Carte de visite) bezeichnet man Porträtfotografien, die ab Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts im standardisierten Format von 5,5 × 9 cm auf einen dünnen Karton aufgezogen wurden – sie hatten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • carte de visite — | ̷ ̷ dəviˈzēt, vēˈ noun (plural cartes de visite “) Etymology: French 1. : visiting card 2. : a close trimmed portrait photograph approximately 2 1/4×3 3/4 in. intended as a substitute for a visiting card …   Useful english dictionary

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