Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius

▪ German religious reformer
original name  Wolfgang Köpfel 
born 1478, Hagenau, Alsace [now in France]
died November 4, 1541, Strasbourg]

      Christian humanist and Roman Catholic priest who, breaking with his Roman faith, became a primary Reformer at Strasbourg.

      Educated at the German universities of Ingolstadt and Freiburg, Capito became a diocesan preacher (1512) in Bruchsal, where he met the future Reformers John Oecolampadius (Oecolampadius, Johann) and Conrad Pellican. Appointed cathedral preacher at Basel, Switzerland, in 1515, he lectured at the university and met the celebrated humanist Desiderius Erasmus (Erasmus, Desiderius) and the subsequent leader of the Swiss Reformation, Huldrych Zwingli (Zwingli, Huldrych).

      To Capito's dismay, Archbishop Albrecht of Mainz summoned him in 1519 to Mainz as cathedral preacher and later as chancellor. Badly torn in conscience, he twice visited Martin Luther (Luther, Martin) at Wittenberg. By 1523 he fully believed in the cause of the Reformation; he resigned his post at Mainz and went to Strasbourg, where he joined forces with Martin Bucer (Bucer, Martin) in reforming Strasbourg and southern Germany and in consolidating the leading German, French, and Swiss Evangelical ministers. In 1530 he and Bucer drafted the Confessio Tetrapolitana, the confession of faith submitted by five southern German cities to the emperor at the Diet of Augsburg.

      Unlike Bucer, Capito remained friendly to the Anabaptists (Anabaptist), the fringe wing of the Reformation, and other dissenters complicating the Strasbourg Reformation—until 1534, when he clearly repudiated them. His most important work is considered to be Berner Synodus (after the synod held at Bern, Switzerland, in 1532), which deals essentially with church discipline and pastoral instruction. An active participant in several important church synods, he died of plague while returning from the colloquy of Regensburg.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Wolfgang Fabricius Capito — Wolfgang Capito Wolfgang Capito, auch Wolfgang Fabricius Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius Köpfel (* 1478 in Hagenau; † 4. November 1541 in Straßburg) war ein bedeutender Reformator von Straßburg. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wolfgang Fabricius Köpfel — Wolfgang Capito Wolfgang Capito, auch Wolfgang Fabricius Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius Köpfel (* 1478 in Hagenau; † 4. November 1541 in Straßburg) war ein bedeutender Reformator von Straßburg. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CAPITO (Koepfel), WOLFGANG FABRICIUS° — CAPITO° (Koepfel), WOLFGANG FABRICIUS (1478–1541), German humanist and mystic, friend of Erasmus and one of the leaders of the Reformation in Strasbourg. He felt that Christians should deal more kindly with the Jews. This attitude found… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wolfgang Capito — Wolfgang Capito, auch Wolfgang Fabricius Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius Köpfel (* 1478 in Hagenau; † 4. November 1541 in Straßburg) war ein bedeutender Reformator von Straßburg. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wolfgang Köpfel — Wolfgang Capito Wolfgang Capito, auch Wolfgang Fabricius Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius Köpfel (* 1478 in Hagenau; † 4. November 1541 in Straßburg) war ein bedeutender Reformator von Straßburg. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wolfgang Capito — Wolfgang Köpfel, llamado Fabricius Capito (Haguenau, 1478 Estrasburgo, 4 de noviembre de 1541) fue un clérigo alemán, notorio reformador religioso. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wolfgang Capito — Wolfgang Fabricius Capito (or Köpfel) (1478 ndash; November 1541) German reformer, was born of humble parentage at Hagenau in Alsace.He was educated for the medical profession, but also studied law, and applied himself so earnestly to theology… …   Wikipedia

  • capito — ca|pi|to [ital. capito? = verstanden?, zu: capire < lat. capere, ↑ kapieren] (salopp): [hast du] verstanden? * * * Capito,   Wolfgang, eigentlich W. Kọ̈pfel, genannt Fabricius Capito, Straßburger Reformator, * Hagenau Dezember 1478, ✝… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Capito [2] — Capito, Fabricius, eigentlich Wolfgang Köpfle, eines Hufschmieds Sohn, wurde 1478 zu Hagenau im Elsaß geb., 20jährig in Basel Doctor der Medicin, später auch der Theologie und zu Freiburg, wo er seit 1506 Dogmatik lehrte endlich Doctor des canon …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • HEBRAISTS, CHRISTIAN — (1100–1890). Factors governing gentile enterprises in Hebrew scholarship prior to the latest phase of more widespread secular attitudes may be distinguished as (1) motivation; (2) scholarly facilities; and (3) occasion; appreciation and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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