▪ Italian stock character
 stock character of the Italian commedia dell'arte. He was the prototype of a pretentious but cowardly military man. One of the earliest of the commedia characters, he was a descendant of the Miles Gloriosus, the braggart soldier of ancient Roman comedy. An unsympathetic character, he was originally a parody of the French and Spanish mercenaries who overran 16th-century Italy. His blustering claims to wealth and military and amatory successes were exploded, often by the roguish asides of his squire and confidant. By the late 17th century Capitano had lost most of his political overtones and simply represented an arrogant boaster.

      The character of the Capitano had several different names that varied as different actors interpreted the role. In the late 16th century he was called Capitano Mattamoros (“Captain Death to the Moors”) and wore an immense starched ruff, wide plumed hat, and boots with scalloped edges. His mask was flesh-coloured and had an enormous protruding nose. Somewhat later the role of Capitano Spavento della Valle Inferno (“Captain Fearsome of Hell's Valley”) was created by another commedia dell'arte actor. Other names include Capitano Cocodrillo, Capitano Rodomante, and Capitano Rinoceronte.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Capitāno — (ital.), 1) so v.w. Capitän; 2) so v.w. Gouverneur; 3) Theaterfigur, bramarbasirend, ein Raufbold u. Maulheld, immer ein Ausländer, in Italien ein Spanier, in Frankreich ein Italiener etc.; sein Costüm: ein langer spanischer Stoßdegen, großer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Capitāno — (ital., »Hauptmann«), Theaterfigur, entstanden aus des Plautus (»Miles gloriosus«) und Terenz Raufbolden und Maulhelden, die besonders in Italien und Spanien stehend wurde. Der Matamoro, Fracassa, Cocodrillo und Spavento (oder Spaventa) und des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Capitano — Capitāno (ital.), Hauptmann; auch Gouverneur; in den ital. Stegreifspielen ein bramarbasierender Soldat …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Capitano — Capitano, ital., Theaterfigur, ein militär. Bramarbas; der C. ist bei den Italienern immer ein Ausländer, meistens ein Spanier …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Capitano —   [italienisch »Feldhauptmann«] der, s/,    1) im byzantinischen Unteritalien zuerst gebrauchte, durch Verballhornung aus dem Griechischen entstandene Bezeichnung für Angehörige der Grund besitzenden Adelsschicht; seit dem 11. Jahrhundert in …   Universal-Lexikon

  • capitano — (ant. capitanio) s.m. [lat. capitanus, var. del lat. tardo capitaneus, der. di caput pĭtis capo, testa ]. 1. (milit.) a. [chi è a capo di un corpo armato] ▶◀ capo, comandante, condottiero, duce, guida. b. [negli eserciti moderni, il capo di una… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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  • capitano — {{hw}}{{capitano}}{{/hw}}s. m.  (f. a , essa ) 1 Titolo dato in antico ai vassalli di importanti località rurali | Capitano del popolo, nell ordinamento comunale, magistrato di parte popolare che rappresentava gli esclusi dal potere | Capitani… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

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