Cairo Conference

World War II, 1943
      (November–December 1943), either of two meetings of Allied leaders held in Cairo during World War II. At the first Cairo Conference (November 22–26), British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (Churchill, Sir Winston) and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin D.) discussed plans for the prosecution of the Normandy Invasion. With Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek, they issued a declaration of the goal of stripping Japan of all the territories it had seized since 1914 and restoring Korea to independence. Upon conclusion of the first Cairo Conference, Churchill and Roosevelt flew to Iran for the Tehrān Conference with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin (Stalin, Joseph). The two Western leaders then returned to Cairo for the second Cairo Conference (December 2–7). There they tried without success to persuade President İsmet İnönü (İnönü, İsmet) of Turkey to bring his country into the war on the side of the Allied powers. At this meeting Roosevelt also informed Churchill of his choice of General Dwight D. Eisenhower (Eisenhower, Dwight D.) as supreme commander of the Normandy Invasion.

Additional Reading
Keith Sainsbury, The Turning Point: Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill, and Chiang Kai-shek, 1943 (1985), covers the Cairo Conference.

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Universalium. 2010.

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