Cabanis, Pierre-Jean-Georges

▪ French philosopher and physiologist
born June 5, 1757, Cosnac, Fr.
died May 5, 1808, Rueil-Malmaison

      French philosopher and physiologist noted for Rapports du physique et du moral de l'homme (1802; “Relations of the Physical and the Moral in Man”), which explained all of reality, including the psychic, mental, and moral aspects of man, in terms of a mechanistic Materialism.

      Cabanis' early interest in poetry and medicine and a budding political career were eventually abandoned in favour of philosophical science. Nevertheless, he attended the Comte de Mirabeau in his final illness as friend and private physician. He also moved in the company of Diderot, d'Alembert, Condorcet, Condillac, and d'Holbach and knew Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson during their stay in Paris.

      For Cabanis, life was merely an organization of physical forces; thought was the result of “secretions” in the brain analogous to the liver's secretion of bile; behaviour depended upon the arrangement of natural elements. The soul was superfluous since consciousness was merely an effect of mechanistic processes, and sensibility, the source of intelligence, was a property of the nervous system. At the end of his life, Cabanis viewed the ego as immaterial and immortal but saw in this view no incompatibility with his earlier theories.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cabanis, Pierre-Jean-Georges — (1757 1808)    physician, philosopher, political figure    Born in Cosnac, Limousin, Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis, who was a professor of hygiene and clinical medicine, after Thermidor took an active role in French political life. He helped… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

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  • Pierre-Jean-Georges Cabanis — (* 5. Juni 1757 in Cosnac im Département Corrèze; † 5. Mai 1808 bei Meulan) war ein französischer Mediziner, Physiologe und Philosoph. Leben Cabanis studierte in Paris …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cabanis — Cabanis, Pierre Jean Georges; mehr durch seine gemäßigten und wohlwollenden Gesinnungen als durch seine philosophisch sensualistischen und medicinischen Werke bekannt, wurde 1752 zu Cognac geboren und als Arzt zu Auteuil, wo er seit 1781 lebte,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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