Byron, John

▪ British admiral

born Nov. 8, 1723
died April 10, 1786, England
 British admiral, whose account (1768) of a shipwreck in South America was to some extent used by his grandson, the poet Lord Byron, in Don Juan.

      The second son of the 4th Baron Byron, he was a midshipman on board the Wager in 1741 when it was wrecked off the coast of Chile during George Anson's voyage round the world. After unparalleled hardships Byron eventually reached a Spanish prison and was repatriated in 1745. He was appointed to the command of the frigate Dolphin in 1764 and sent out to the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to discover the supposed southern continent, but he made only a fruitless circumnavigation lasting 22 months. Appointed governor of Newfoundland in 1769, he reached flag rank in 1775 and became vice admiral in 1778.

      In 1779 he lived up to his nickname “Foul-weather Jack” when, in command of a fleet sent to relieve British forces in America, he encountered one of the worst Atlantic gales on record. It is to this that Lord Byron alludes in his “Epistle to Augusta”:

A strange doom is thy father's son's, and past
Recalling, as it lies beyond redress;
Reversed for him our grandsire's fate of yore,
He had no rest at sea, nor I on shore.

      As commander in chief of the West Indies, John Byron fought an inconclusive battle with the Count d'Estaing off Grenada in 1779.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BYRON, JOHN —    naval officer, grandfather of the poet, nicknamed from his misfortunes Foul weather Jack ; accompanied Anson in his voyage round the world, but was wrecked in his ship the Wager; suffered almost unexampled hardships, of which he wrote a… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Byron, John Byron, 1st Baron — ▪ English Cavalier born c. 1600 died Aug. 23, 1652, Paris, France       English Cavalier and Royalist during the Civil Wars.       He was the eldest son of Sir John Byron (d. 1625), a member of an old Lancashire family which had settled at… …   Universalium

  • John Byron — Vicealmirante John Byron John Byron, por Joshua Reynolds (1759) …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Byron — Vice Admiral John Byron, RN (November 8, 1723 – April 10, 1786) was an English vice admiral. Byron was the sixth child of William Byron, 4th Baron Byron of Rochdale (4 January 1669/70 – 8 August 1736), and the third child (second son) William… …   Wikipedia

  • John Byron — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Byron. John Byron par Joshua Reynolds Le commodore John Byron (né le 8 novembre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BYRON (G. G.) — Le «byronisme», imitation idolâtre de ce poète anglais, fut un des éléments du romantisme européen. Ce phénomène, psycho sociologique plus que littéraire, fut déterminé par la vogue extraordinaire des premières œuvres poétiques de lord Byron, en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • John Murray (publisher) — John Murray (1745–1793) was the founder of a British publishing house, renowned for the roster of authors it has published in its history, including Jane Austen, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lord Byron, Charles Lyell, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and… …   Wikipedia

  • John William Polidori — John Polidori John William Polidori (* 7. September 1795 in London; † 24. August 1821) war ein englischer Schriftsteller sowie Leibarzt und Reisebegleiter des Dichters Lord Byron …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Byron (disambiguation) — John Byron may refer to:*John Byron (November 8, 1723 – April 10, 1786), UK Vice Admiral *John Byron, 1st Baron Byron (1599 August 23, 1652), English royalist *Sir John Byron Jr, father of first baron *Sir John Byron (Sr), grandfather of first… …   Wikipedia

  • John Murray (editeur) — John Murray (maison d édition) Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Murray. John Murray III (1808 1892) John Murray est une maison d édition …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.