Brosse, Salomon de

▪ French architect
born 1571, Verneuil-sur-Oise, Fr.
died Dec. 9, 1626, Paris

      most influential French architect of the early 17th century, whose works facilitated the development of the classical châteaus designed by the generation that followed him.

      De Brosse was born into a family of Protestant architects. He trained under his father and then quickly achieved success on his own. As architect to the queen regent, Marie De Médicis, from 1608, he prepared designs for the Palais du Luxembourg (built c. 1614–30), which featured a rusticated facade influenced by those of Italian Renaissance palazzi. This work and three châteaus—Coulommiers (1613), Montceaux (completed 1615), and especially Blérancourt (completed prior to 1619)—strongly influenced later architects, particularly François Mansart (Mansart, François), who worked under de Brosse at Coulommiers.

      His two most important public works were the renovation of the hall of the Palais de Justice at Paris and construction of the Palais du Parlement of Brittany at Rennes. In 1623 he rebuilt the Protestant temple at Charenton, but his most influential church design is the novel facade for Saint-Gervais (begun 1616), which combines a lofty Gothic nave with a classical facade.

      De Brosse's importance as a designer lay in his bold and simple treatments of elevations, facades, and ground plans. A detailed understanding of his achievements is impossible because of the destruction or heavy alteration of virtually all his major buildings.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • BROSSE (S. de) — Entre 1570 et 1630 l’architecture française franchit une étape essentielle vers le classicisme et Salomon de Brosse joue un rôle de tout premier plan dans cette évolution. Pour avoir dépassé les traditions architecturales de son milieu familial,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Salomon de Brosse — (1571, Verneuil sur Oise, France ndash;9 December 1626, Paris) was the most influential early 17th century French architect, a major influence on François Mansart. Salomon was from a prominent Huguenot family, the grandson through his mother of… …   Wikipedia

  • Salomon de Brosse — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Salomon de Brosse. (1571 1626). Arquitecto francés. Construyó el castillo de Coulommiers y el palacio de Luxemburgo en Paris, obra que, pese a las modificaciones que han alterado su aspecto original, figura entre las …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brosse — oder Brossé ist der Name von Dirk Brossé (* 1960), belgischer Komponist und Dirigent Guy de La Brosse (1586–1641), französischer Arzt und Botaniker Jean II. de Brosse, Sohn Jeans II. und Nicolottes, Graf von Penthièvre 1485–1502 Jean IV. de… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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