Brattain, Walter H.

▪ American physicist
in full  Walter Houser Brattain  
born Feb. 10, 1902, Amoy, China
died Oct. 13, 1987, Seattle, Wash., U.S.
 American scientist who, along with John Bardeen (Bardeen, John) and William B. Shockley (Shockley, William B.), won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956 for his investigation of the properties of semiconductors—materials of which transistors are made—and for the development of the transistor. The transistor replaced the bulkier vacuum tube for many uses and was the forerunner of microminiature electronic parts.

      Brattain earned a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota, and in 1929 he became a research physicist for Bell Telephone Laboratories. His chief field of research involved the surface properties of solids, particularly the atomic structure of a material at the surface, which usually differs from its atomic structure in the interior. He, Shockley, and Bardeen invented the transistor in 1947. After leaving Bell Laboratories in 1967, Brattain served as adjunct professor at Whitman College, Walla Walla, Wash. (1967–72), then was designated overseer emeritus. He was granted a number of patents and wrote many articles on solid-state physics.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Brattain, Walter H. — ► (1902 87) Físico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1956, compartido con J. Bardeen y W. B. Shockley, por sus trabajos sobre transistores …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brattain , Walter Houser — (1902–1987) American physicist Brattain, who was born in Amoy, China, was brought up on a cattle ranch. He was educated at Whitman College, at the University of Oregon, and at Minnesota, where he obtained his PhD in 1929. He immediately joined… …   Scientists

  • Brattain, Walter H(ouser) — (10 feb. 1902, Amoy, China–13 oct. 1987, Seattle, Wash., EE.UU.). Científico estadounidense. A poco de nacer, sus padres estadounidenses lo llevaron a EE.UU. Después de obtener su Ph.D. en la Universidad de Minnesota, se convirtió en investigador …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brattain, Walter H(ouser) — born Feb. 10, 1902, Amoy, China died Oct. 13, 1987, Seattle, Wash., U.S. U.S. scientist. His American parents brought him to the U.S. soon after his birth. After earning a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota, he became a researcher at Bell… …   Universalium

  • Brattain, Walter Houser — SUBJECT AREA: Electronics and information technology [br] b. 10 February 1902 Amoy, China (now Hsiamen) d. 13 October 1987 Seattle, Washington, USA [br] American physicist and co inventor of the transistor. [br] Born of American parents in China …   Biographical history of technology

  • Brattain — Brattain, Walter H …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter Brattain — Walter Houser Brattain (* 10. Februar 1902 in Amoy, Kaiserreich China; † 13. Oktober 1987 in Seattle, Washington) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Houser Brattain — (* 10. Februar 1902 in Amoy, Kaiserreich China; † 13. Oktober 1987 in Seattle, Washington) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brattain — Walter Houser Brattain (* 10. Februar 1902 in Amoy, Kaiserreich China; † 13. Oktober 1987 in Seattle, Washington) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter H. Brattain — Walter Houser Brattain (* 10. Februar 1902 in Amoy, Kaiserreich China; † 13. Oktober 1987 in Seattle, Washington) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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