Borodin, Mikhail Markovich

▪ Soviet Comintern agent
original name Mikhail Gruzenberg
born July 9, 1884, Yanovichi, Russia [now in Belarus]
died May 29, 1951, Siberia

      chief Comintern agent in China in the 1920s, who built the loosely structured Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) of Sun Yat-sen into a highly centralized Leninist-style organization.

      Borodin joined the Bolshevik party in Russia in 1903. In 1906 he was arrested and exiled. The same year he emigrated to the United States, attended Valparaiso University, Indiana, and later founded a school for émigrés in Chicago. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 he returned to Russia and was dispatched as a communist agent to Scandinavia, Mexico, Spain, Turkey, and Great Britain. He went to China in 1923 as an adviser to Sun Yat-sen, after the Nationalist leader acquiesced in the Soviet wish that Chinese communists be allowed to join the Kuomintang. Besides helping to restructure Kuomintang organization and ideology, Borodin gave the Chinese Nationalists Soviet aid in developing a party army, which made them a powerful force in Chinese politics. After Sun Yat-sen's death in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek, back from training in Moscow, became head of the army. In 1927 Chiang broke with the communists, and Borodin left the country.

      Returning to Moscow, Borodin served as deputy people's commissar for labour, deputy director of Tass news agency, and, from 1932, editor of the Moscow Daily News, published in English. He disappeared in February 1949 in a wave of arrests directed by Joseph Stalin against Jewish intellectuals. He died in 1951 in a Siberian labour camp.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Borodin, Mikhail (Markovich) — orig. Mikhail Gruzenberg born July 9, 1884, Yanovichi, Russia died May 29, 1951, Siberia Russian diplomat. He joined the Bolshevik faction in 1903, was arrested (1906), and lived in exile in the U.S. He returned to Russia in 1917 and in 1923 was… …   Universalium

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  • Mikhail Borodin — Mikhail Borodin[1] Mikhail Markovich Borodin (Михаил Mápкoвич Бородин) (July 9, 1884 – May 29, 1951) was the alias of Mikhail Gruzenberg, a Comintern agent and Soviet arms dealer. Borodin was born in Yanovich, located in modern Vitsebsk Voblast,… …   Wikipedia

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