Booth, Evangeline Cory

▪ American religious leader
original name  Eva Cory Booth  
born Dec. 25, 1865, London, Eng.
died July 17, 1950, Hartsdale, N.Y., U.S.
 Anglo-American Salvation Army leader whose dynamic administration expanded that organization's services and funding and who became its fourth general.

      Born in the South Hackney section of London, Eva Booth was the daughter of William Booth (Booth, William), soon afterward founder of the Salvation Army. She was educated at home and grew up doing the work of the Salvation Army, assuming a position of responsibility in the Marylebone district of London at age 17. Known for both her musical talent and her striking personal appearance, she soon received the byname “White Angel of the Slums.”

      In 1889, at the age of 23, she was given charge of the Salvation Army's International Training College in Clapton and put in command of all Salvation Army forces in the home counties (London and the surrounding area). She became the Salvation Army's principal troubleshooter as well, and in 1896, when her older brother Ballington Booth and his wife, Maud (Booth, Maud Ballington), threatened to break away from rule, Eva effectively took over command of the shaken organization.

      It was on her arrival in the United States that she adopted the name Evangeline as more dignified. She then proceeded to Toronto, where she took command of the Salvation Army in Canada. In 1904 Booth became commander of the Salvation Army in the United States. In that post her administrative skills flourished. New forms of social service were instituted, including hospitals for unwed mothers, a chain of “Evangeline Residences” for working women, homes for the aged, and, during World War I, canteens featuring “doughnuts for doughboys.” (Her services to the war effort won her a Distinguished Service Medal in 1919.)

      Under her personal supervision the Salvation Army quickly developed disaster relief services following the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906. She abandoned the organization's tradition of street begging and set up instead an efficient system of fund-raising. Booth was successful in enlisting the open support of a great many distinguished and wealthy public figures, and the first national drive in 1919 raised $16 million. The rapid growth of the Salvation Army and the proliferation of its services and facilities necessitated the establishment of four regional commands, but she remained in clear control from her New York headquarters. Booth's only political involvement was to throw the weight of the Salvation Army behind the movement for prohibition and against the later movement for repeal. Her popularity was such that in 1922 the general of the Salvation Army, her eldest brother, Bramwell Booth, abandoned the policy of rotation and allowed her to remain in charge in the United States. In 1923 she became a naturalized citizen. In 1934 she became the fourth general of the Salvation Army and the last member of the Booth family to hold world command. She retired five years later. Among her published works are The War Romance of the Salvation Army (1919), with Grace Livingston Hill; Songs of the Evangel (1927), a collection of hymns she composed; Toward a Better World (1928); and Woman (1930).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Evangeline Booth — Evangeline Cory Booth (December 25, 1865 ndash; July 17, 1950) was the 4th general of the Salvation Army (1934 1939).She was born in South Hackney, London, England, the seventh of eight children born to William Booth and Catherine Mumford, who… …   Wikipedia

  • Booth — [bo͞oth] 1. Ballington [bal′iŋ tən] 1859 1940; founder of Volunteers of America (1896): son of William 2. Edwin (Thomas) 1833 93; U.S. actor: son of Junius Brutus 3. Evangeline Cory [kôr′ē] 1865 1950; U.S. general of Salvation Army, born in… …   English World dictionary

  • Booth — /boohth/; Brit. /boohdh/, n. 1. Ballington /bal ing teuhn/, 1859 1940, founder of the Volunteers of America 1896 (son of William Booth). 2. Edwin Thomas, 1833 93, U.S. actor (brother of John Wilkes Booth). 3. Evangeline Cory /kawr ee, kohr ee/,… …   Universalium

  • Booth, William — ( 1829 1912 )    cofounder of the Salvation Army    William Booth was born on April 10, 1829, into a Church of England family residing near Nottingham, England. As a youth, he experienced conversion in a Methodist meeting and felt a call to… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Booth — [[t]buθ[/t]] brit. [[t]buð[/t]] n. 1) big Ballington, 1859–1940, founder of the Volunteers of America, 1896 (son of William Booth) 2) big Evangeline Cory, 1865?–1950, general of the Salvation Army 1934–39 (daughter of William Booth) 3) big John… …   From formal English to slang

  • Booth — I. biographical name family of American actors: Junius Brutus 1796 1852 b in England & his sons Edwin Thomas 1833 1893 & John Wilkes 1838 1865 assassin of Lincoln II. biographical name William 1829 1912 English founder of Salvation Army father of …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Hartsdale, New York — Infobox Settlement official name = Hartsdale, New York settlement type = CDP nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position = pushpin map caption =Location within the state of New York pushpin mapsize =… …   Wikipedia

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  • July 17 — Events* 180 Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world. * 1203 The Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople by assault. The Byzantine… …   Wikipedia

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