Bonomi, Ivanoe

▪ prime minister of Italy
born October 18, 1873, Mantua, Italy
died April 20, 1951, Rome
 statesman who served terms as Italian prime minister before and after the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini and who led the anti-Fascist movement during World War II.

      Elected to Parliament in 1909 as Socialist deputy for Mantua, he was expelled from the Socialist Party in 1912 with the reform leader Leonida Bissolati for his moderate, democratic views and for his support for the Libyan war. In response, Bonomi joined the Reformist Socialist group. During World War I he served as a volunteer and became war minister in 1920 in the government of Giovanni Giolitti, negotiating the Treaty of Rapallo between Italy and Yugoslavia. Made prime minister in July 1921, with a coalition government, he was unable to control fascist and socialist excesses and resigned in February 1922, retiring from politics after Benito Mussolini's accession to power. In 1940 he joined the anti-Fascist movement, becoming its leader in 1942. After Mussolini's fall on July 25, 1943, he headed the national committee of anti-Fascist groups and, after the liberation of Rome (June 9, 1944), was designated prime minister by the National Committee of Liberation. The committee, however, soon began to press for a more vigorous policy, and Bonomi resigned on November 26, 1944, only to be reinstated shortly after through the intervention of the British government.

      Bonomi laid the foundations of Italy's economic and administrative reconstruction and began the reorganization of the army. On June 12, 1945, he resigned in favour of Ferruccio Parri, but, as chairman of the Constituent Assembly's committee for treaties, he took part in the council of foreign ministers at Paris in 1946. From 1948 until his death he served as president of the Senate.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ivanoe Bonomi — (* 18. Oktober 1873 in Mantua; † 20. April 1951 in Rom) war ein italienischer Politiker. Bonomi studierte zunächst Naturwissenschaften (Abschluss 1896) und anschließend Rechtswissenschaften (1900). Er schrieb sich im Jahre 1893 in d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BONOMI (I.) — BONOMI IVANOE (1873 1951) Homme d’État italien dont la carrière, comme celle de son contemporain Orlando, se partage en deux grands moments séparés par la longue parenthèse du fascisme. Devenu journaliste socialiste, Ivanoe Bonomi milite, aux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ivanoe Bonomi — (Mantua, 18 de octubre de 1873 † Roma, 20 de abril de 1951). Político italiano. Integrado en el socialismo revisionista, fue presidente del consejo de ministros de 1921 a 1922 y de 1944 a 1945. Pre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bonomi — Bonomi,   Ivanoe, italienischer Politiker, * Mantua 18. 10. 1873, ✝ Rom 20. 4. 1951; seit 1909 Abgeordneter, war Sprecher des revisionistischen Flügels des Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI); gründete nach seinem Ausschluss aus dem PSI (1912) mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

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