Bonivard, François

▪ Genevan patriot
born 1493, Seyssel, Savoy [France]
died 1570, Geneva [Switzerland]

      Genevan patriot, the hero of Lord Byron's poem “The Prisoner of Chillon.”

      Bonivard's real character and history are very different from the legendary account that Byron popularized. After succeeding his uncle as head of the Cluniac priory of St. Victor, near Geneva, he began to oppose the encroachments made by Charles III, duke of Savoy, and the bishop of Geneva against that city's liberties. He was imprisoned by the duke at Grolée from 1519 to 1521, lost his priory, and became more and more anti-Savoyard. In 1528, supported by the city of Geneva, he took up arms against those who had seized his ecclesiastical revenues; in 1530, however, he was imprisoned in the castle of Chillon, where he was kept underground from 1532 until he was released in 1536.

      Becoming a Protestant, Bonivard obtained a pension from Geneva and was married four times. In 1542 he began compiling his Chroniques de Genève, a history of Geneva from the earliest times. His manuscript was submitted to the reformer John Calvin for correction in 1551, but it was not published until 1831. He also wrote De l'ancienne et nouvelle police de Genève (1555; “The Old and New Government of Geneva”).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BONIVARD, FRANÇOIS DE —    a Genevese patriot and historian, twice imprisoned by Charles III., a Duke of Savoy, for his sympathy with the struggles of the Genevese against his tyranny, the second time for six years in the Castle of Chillon; immortalised by Lord Byron in …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Francois Bonivard — François Bonivard La délivrance de Bonivard, peinture de Franck Edouard Lossier (1898) François Bonivard ou Bonnivard (1496 1570) était un patriote suisse et un historien dont l emprisonnement au château de Chillon fut la source d inspiration… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Bonivard — La délivrance de Bonivard, peinture de Franck Edouard Lossier (1898) François Bonivard ou Bonnivard (1496 1570) était un patriote suisse et un historien dont l emprisonnement au château de Chillon fut la source d inspiration pour le poème de Lord …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Bonivard — or Bonnivard (1496 ndash; 1570) was a Swiss patriot and historian whose life was the inspiration for Byron s 1816 poem The Prisoner Of Chillon .He was the son of Louis Bonnivard, Seigneur de Lunes, and was born at Seyssel into an old family of… …   Wikipedia

  • Bonivard —   [bɔni vaːr], François de, schweizerischer Humanist, Bonnivard, François de.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bonivard — ou Bonnivard (François de) (1493 1570) patriote genevois. Il lutta pour l indépendance de Genève contre le duc de Savoie, qui le fit enfermer de 1530 à 1536 au château de Chillon. Il est le héros du poème de Byron, le Prisonnier de Chillon …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • PRISONER OF CHILLON —    the name given to FRANÇOIS DE BONIVARD (q.v. BONIVARD, FRANÇOIS DE), who was for six years kept prisoner in the castle of Chillon, on the Lake of Geneva, and is the subject of a well known poem by Byron …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • БОНИВАР — (Bonivard), Франсуа (февр. 1493 конец 1570) швейц. политич. деятель, гуманист, историк. Из савойской дворянской семьи. С 1514 был приором аббатства Санкт Виктор, около Женевы. Принял участие в борьбе горожан Женевы против герцога савойского Карла …   Советская историческая энциклопедия

  • Bonnivard — Bonivard ou Bonnivard (François de) (1493 1570) patriote genevois. Il lutta pour l indépendance de Genève contre le duc de Savoie, qui le fit enfermer de 1530 à 1536 au château de Chillon. Il est le héros du poème de Byron, le Prisonnier de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maison de La Forest Divonne — Blasonnement : Armes de La Forest Divonne. Tournoi de 1348 De …   Wikipédia en Français

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